Cold War Era

 

Presidential Seal - Out of many One

Cold War Era: 1945 - 1990
The articles in this section on United States History for Kids relate to the dates covered from 1945 - 1990: Cold War Era and the Space Race. The spread of Communism sparked the Cold War and the country watched as the
McCarthy Witch hunts took place. The fight against Communism saw the country become involved in the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Americans were concerned about the Russians launching Sputnik and the Space race began. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) was established and America landed the first man on the moon. The issue of Civil Rights was also dominant with the fight for equal rights for Black Americans, women. The nation was rocked by the assassination of Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, John F. Kennedy and Robert Kennedy. The leaders of the country who were elected president during the turbulent Cold War Era, and helped to make United States History, were Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan.

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Find interesting facts, history and important information about United States History from 1945 - 1990 in the Cold War Era with a short summary and definition followed by detailed info about each of these important historical events.

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
This article about the Cold War Era in United States History is presented in a unique way by linking the most famous events in the Cold War era of 1945 - 1990 with the presidents who were in power during the time when these important events in American history occurred. An easy way to discover facts, dates and information about the Important historical events in each of the Presidencies that occured during the Cold War Era of United States history that spanned from 1945 - 1990.

President Harry S. Truman and the Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Harry S Truman includes the Potsdam Conference, The Cold War, The Truman Doctrine, The Roswell UFO Incident, The NATO Treaty, McCarthy Witch hunts and the Korean War - United States History for Kids:

 

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Harry S. Truman Presidency (1945-1949) & (1949-1953)

President Harry S Truman

Facts, biography, accomplishments and biography of the life of Harry S Truman and summaries of important events during his presidency.

  
The Cold WarOverview of the Cold War - Origins, causes, presidents and main events
  
Cold War TimelineHistory Timeline with important dates and events during the Cold War
  
New InnovationsTimeline of New Innovations with important dates and inventions during the Cold War
  
Baby BoomersThe 77 million babies born between 1946 - 1964, referred to as the Baby Boomers.
  
Bikini AtollOperation Crossroads and the Atomic tests at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands
  
Cold War Arms RaceThe Atomic Bomb, the hydrogen bomb and intercontinental ballistic missiles
  
Cold War Space RaceSputnik, First Humans in Space and the First Man on the Moon
  
Space Race TimelineSputnik, First Humans in Space and the First Man on the Moon
  
Cold War Events (1945 - 1947)Definition and Summary of the major Cold War Events (1945 - 1947)
  
Cold War Events (1948 - 1955)Definition and Summary of the major Cold War Events (1948 - 1955)
  
Cold War Events (1956 - 1961)Definition and Summary of the major Cold War Events (1956 - 1961)
  
Cold War Events (1968 - 1991)Definition and Summary of the major Cold War Events (1968 - 1991)
  
The Potsdam ConferenceThe Potsdam Conference  began on 17 July 17, 1945 and ended on August 2, 1945
  
United Nations (UN)The founding of the United Nations (UN) on 24 October 1945
  
The Iron CurtainThe "Iron Curtain" separating the West with the communist countries of the East
  
The Truman DoctrineTruman Doctrine pledged to support other countries in their struggle against communism
  
The Marshall PlanThe Marshall Plan of June 1947 - a US-financed relief package to European nations after WW2
  
Roswell UFO IncidentRoswell New Mexico UFO incident
  
ContainmentThe United States policy of Containment restricting the spread of communism abroad
  
The Domino TheoryThe Domino Theory speculated that if a region came under communism, others would follow.
  
Berlin BlockadeThe Berlin blockade by the Soviets closed the entry points to the Western zones of Berlin
  
Berlin AirliftThe Berlin airlift was a rescue mission to keep West Berlin alive despite the Soviet blockade
  
Mao ZedongMao Zedong and the Cultural Revolution in China
  
Korean WarFacts and timeline of the Korean War (June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953).
  
NATOThe NATO Treaty was a mutual Defense pact aimed at containing Soviet expansion
  
McCarthyismMcCarthyism - The Joe McCarthy Witch hunts
  
Loyalty Review ProgramLoyalty Review Program screened federal employees for loyalty during the second Red Scare
  
HUACHouse of Un-American Activities Committee and Communist Witch Hunt
  
Alger HissAlger Hiss accused by Whitaker Chambers as being a Communist
  
Taft Hartley ActThe 1947 Taft Hartley Act, a major revision of the 1935 Wagner Act
  
CONELRADCONELRAD (1951) - Nuclear Attack Alerts
  
Twenty-second Amendment22nd Amendment stating that a person may not be elected President more than twice.
  

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990 - Harry Truman Presidency (1945-1949) & (1949-1953)

President Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Dwight D Eisenhower (January 20, 1953 to January 20, 1961) includes the SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization), The Warsaw Pact, NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and the Eisenhower Doctrine - United States History for Kids:

 

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidency (1953-1957) & (1957-1961)

President Dwight Eisenhower

Facts, biography, accomplishments and biography of the life of Dwight Eisenhower and summaries of important events during his presidency.

  
Cold War Events (1948 - 1955)Definition and Summary of the major Cold War Events (1948 - 1955)
  
SputnikSputnik was the first artificial satellite to orbit Earth, launched by the USSR on October 4, 1957
  
Warsaw PactThe 1955 Warsaw Pact was signed by the Soviets and its 7 communist 'satellite nations'
  
NASA NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) created in 1958
  
NASA TimelineThe NASA timeline provides the dates and facts about the events and people involved in Space exploration
  
The Vietnam WarThe Vietnam War (November 1, 1955 – April 30, 1975) begins during the Cold War era
  
Vietnam War TimelineThe Vietnam War timeline featuring important dates and events
  
Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh was the leader of the North Vietnamese Army and the Viet Cong during the Vietnam War.
  
Ngo Dinh DiemNgo Dinh Diem was anti-communist, US-backed leader of South Vietnam during the Vietnam War
  
Ho Chi Minh TrailThe Ho Chi Minh Trail was designed to get supplies and troops into Southern Vietnam
  
SEATOSEATO, the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, was formed Southeast Asian version of NATO
  
U-2 IncidentU-2 spy plane Incident involving Gary Powers
  
Area 51Facts about the top secret Military base in Nevada
  
Interstate Highway SystemThe Interstate Highway System began a new road culture and the automobile society
  
The Eisenhower DoctrineThe Eisenhower Doctrine in response to the Suez Crisis
  
The Civil Rights MovementThe Civil Rights Movement
  
Civil Rights Movement TimelineThe Civil Rights Movement timeline details important people, places and events
  
Civil Rights Movement FactsFacts, people, places, events and Information
  
Brown vs Board of EducationBrown vs Board of Education - NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall wins against school segregation
  
Montgomery Bus BoycottThe Montgomery Bus Boycott, the protest against segregation on buses
  
Rosa ParksFacts and Biography of Rosa Parks
  
Martin Luther King Jr.Facts and Biography of Martin Luther King Jr.
  
The SCLCFacts on the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
  
Little Rock NineThe Little Rock Nine crisis re the admission of 9 African American students to Central High
  
Civil Rights Act of 1957The Civil Rights Act of 1957 was intended to protect the right of African Americans to vote
  
The SNCCThe Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) founded in April 1960
  
Pop ArtThe Pop Art movement began in America

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidency (1953-1957) & (1957-1961)

President John F. Kennedy and the Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Important events in United States History during the presidency of John F Kennedy (January 20,1961 to November 22, 1963) includes the Bay of Pigs and the Cuban Missile Crisis - United States History for Kids:

 

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
John F. Kennedy Presidency (1961-1963)

President John F Kennedy

Facts, biography, accomplishments and biography of the life of John F Kennedy and summaries of important events during his presidency.

  
Cold War Events (1956 - 1961)Definition and Summary of the major Cold War Events (1956 - 1961)
  
The Vietnam WarThe Vietnam War (November 1, 1955 – April 30, 1975) continues
  
Ngo Dinh DiemThe overthrow of Ngo Dinh Diem
  
Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh leader of the North Vietnamese Army and the Viet Cong during the Vietnam War.
  
Agent OrangeIn 1962 Operation Ranch Hand began  involving chemical warfare using Agent Orange
  
Bay of Pigs InvasionCIA-backed Cuban exiles, launched a botched invasion at the Bay of Pigs in Cuba.
  
Cuban Missile CrisisThe crisis that brought the world to the brink of nuclear war.
  
Space RaceSpace Race - JFK announces the space program to reach the moon
  
Second Wave FeminismThe Women’s Rights Movement Reawakens Second Wave Feminism
  
Equal Pay Act of 1963The 1963 Equal Pay Act
  
The Peace CorpsThe Peace Corps was established by John F. Kennedy “promote world peace and friendship”
  
Twenty-third Amendment 23rd Amendment giving the people in the District of Columbia the right to vote for President.
  
The Freedom RidersThe first Freedom Riders boarded their buses in May 1961
  
Letter from Birmingham JailMLK was imprisoned in the Birmingham Campaign and wrote the letter from Birmingham jail.
  
Letter from Birmingham jail TextText of the letter from Birmingham jail.
  
March on WashingtonThe March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on August 28, 1963
  
10 Demands of the March on WashingtonDetails of the 10 Demands of the March on Washington
  
JFK AssassinationPresident Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963
  

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990 - John F. Kennedy Presidency (1961-1963)

President Lyndon B. Johnson and the Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Lyndon B Johnson (November 22, 1963 to January 20, 1969) includes the Vietnam War, The Civil Rights Act, The Voting Rights Act and the Pueblo Incident - United States History for Kids:

 

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Lyndon B. Johnson Presidency (1963-1965) & (1965-1969)

President Lyndon B Johnson

Facts, biography, accomplishments and biography of the life of Lyndon Johnson and summaries of important events during his presidency.

  
Cold War Events (1968 - 1991)Definition and Summary of the major Cold War Events (1968 - 1991)
  
The Vietnam WarThe Vietnam War (November 1, 1955 – April 30, 1975) continues
  
Gulf of Tonkin ResolutionThe Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was passed on August 2, 1964
  
My Lai MassacreThe My Lai Massacre saw the mass killing of unarmed Vietnamese people by American troops
  
Tet OffensiveThe Tet Offensive, a massive surprise attack, was launched by the Vietnamese
  
Great SocietyThe Great Society was the vision of LBJ
  
Clean Air ActThe Clean Air Act of 1963 established funding for the clean-up of air pollution
  
National Organization for WomenThe National Organization for Women (NOW) was established in 1966
  
NOW Statement of PurposeText of NOW Statement of Purpose
  
The Hippie CountercultureCounterculture 1964-1972, the era of Flower Power, hippies, the student movement
  
The Civil Rights Act of 1964

Civil Rights Act of 1964 aimed at ending segregation and racial discrimination.

  
EEOCEqual Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was established
  
Selma MarchThe Selma Freedom March from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama
  
The Voting Rights Act of 1965The Voting Rights Act of 1965 to prevent discrimination and protect voting rights.
  
The Watts RiotsThe Watts Riots broke out in an African American neighborhood in Los Angeles.
  
Black PowerThe people and events of the Black Power movement
  
Malcolm XFacts and Biography of Malcolm X, a symbol for the black power movement
  
Nation of IslamThe Nation of Islam, the Black Muslims, who were led by Elijah Muhammad
  
Black PanthersBlack Panthers, est. 1966 preached black power, black nationalism and economic self-sufficiency.
  
MLK AssassinationAssassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. on April 4, 1968
  
Hare KrishnaThe Hare Krishna movement emerged during the Hippie Counterculture era of the 1960's
  
BeatlemaniaThe Beatles arrived at New York's JFK airport on February 7, 1964
  
Twenty-fourth Amendment24th Amendment making it illegal to make anyone pay a tax to have the right to vote.
  
Twenty-fifth AmendmentChanging what happens if a President or Vice President dies, resigns, or is unable to do the job.
  

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Lyndon B. Johnson Presidency (1963-1965) & (1965-1969)

 

Presidential Seal

 

President Richard Nixon and the Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Richard Nixon (January 20, 1969 to August 9, 1974) includes the SALT Agreement (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) Watergate Break-in and the 26th Amendment added to the Constitution - United States History for Kids:

 

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Richard Nixon Presidency (1969-1974)

President Richard Nixon

Facts, biography, accomplishments and biography of the life of Richard Nixon and summaries of important events during his presidency.

  
Cold War Events (1968 - 1991)Definition and Summary of the major Cold War Events (1968 - 1991)
  
The Vietnam WarThe Vietnam War (November 1, 1955 – April 30, 1975) continues
  
VietnamizationNixon promotes 'Vietnamization' aimed at achieving “peace with honor” in the Vietnam War
  
Kent State Shooting4 students shot dead at Kent State University by Ohio National Guardsmen on May 4, 1970
  
The Pentagon Papers

Pentagon Papers were leaked March 1971 revealing that the US government had been dishonest

  
End of the Vietnam WarThe End of the Vietnam War (November 1, 1955 – April 30, 1975)
  
DetenteThe Establishment of Detente
  
SALT TreatyThe Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT), resulted in the SALT Treaty
  
The 26th Amendment26th Amendment giving 18-year-olds the right to vote.
  
Arab-Israeli ConflictHistory timeline of the Arab-Israeli Conflict
  
Clean Air ActThe extension to the Clean Air Act in 1970 and the establishment of the EPA
  
EPAThe establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  
Earth DayThe Goals, History and Origins of the first Earth Day
  
Earth Day HistoryThe History and Origins of Earth Day
  
Earth Day QuizEarth Day Quiz - fun, interesting questions and answers
  
Roe v WadeThe 1973 Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade regarding abortions
  
The Watergate ScandalThe conspiracy and cover-up of the Watergate Break-in
  

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990 - Richard Nixon Presidency (1969-1974)

President Gerald Ford and the Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Gerald Ford (August 9, 1974 to January 20, 1977) includes the Richard Nixon Pardoned, The Helsinki Agreement, Privacy Act of 1974 and the Energy Policy Conservation Act - United States History for Kids:

 

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Gerald Ford Presidency (1974-1977)

President Gerald Ford

Facts, biography, accomplishments and biography of the life of Gerald Ford and summaries of important events during his presidency.

  
Cold War Events (1968 - 1991)Definition and Summary of the major Cold War Events (1968 - 1991)
  
StagflationA combination of economic stagnation, rising prices and inflation
  
Khmer RougeThe Khmer Rouge (1975-1979) regime of Pol Pot in Cambodia and the SS Mayaguez Incident
  
Helsinki AccordsThe Helsinki Accords dealt with three main issues of cooperation, security and human rights.
  
Privacy Act of 1974Provide safeguards against the invasion of personal privacy through the misuse of data

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990 - Gerald Ford Presidency  (1974-1977)

President Jimmy Carter and the Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Jimmy Carter (January 20, 1977 to January 20, 1981) includes the Three Mile Island Incident, Iran Hostage Crisis, The Iran-Iraq War and the Carter Doctrine - United States History for Kids:

 

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Jimmy Carter Presidency (1977-1981)

President Jimmy Carter

Facts, biography, accomplishments and biography of the life of Jimmy Carter and summaries of important events during his presidency.

  
Three Mile Island AccidentThe most serious accident in U.S. commercial nuclear power plant operating history
  
Camp David AccordsPeace talks between Egypt and Israel mediated by Jimmy Carter
  
Iran Hostage CrisisMilitants stormed the United States Embassy in Teheran and took 53 American hostages.

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990 - Jimmy Carter Presidency (1977-1981)

President Ronald Reagan and the Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Important events in United States History during the presidency of Ronald Reagan (January 20, 1981 to January 20, 1989) includes Irangate - the Iran-Contra Scandal, Glasnost, The Granada invasion, The Stark incident and the Space Shuttle - United States History for Kids:

 

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990
Ronald Reagan Presidency (1981 - 1989)

President Ronald Reagan

Facts, biography, accomplishments and biography of the life of Ronald Reagan and summaries of important events during his presidency.

  
ReaganomicsThe economic policies introduced during the Reagan administration
  
Reagan Assassination AttemptFacts about the Reagan Assassination Attempt perpetrated by John Hinckley Jr.
  
John Hinckley Letter to Jodie FosterFacts Words and text of the John Hinckley Letter to Jodie Foster
  
Irangate - the Iran-Contra ScandalThe foreign policies of President Ronald Reagan led to the scandal known as Irangate.
  
GlasnostThe policy of Glasnost was used by Mikhail Gorbachev to bring reforms to the Soviet Union
  
Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)

Cold War Era: United States History from 1945 - 1990 - Ronald Reagan Presidency  (1981 - 1989)

Crash Course in American History: Summaries of Events in the Cold War Era
A fast overview, or crash course in American History, during the Cold War Era can be obtained from the interesting and important articles on United States History for Kids that can be found in the section. There are summaries and definitions of the key historical events for each of the presidencies of the Cold War Era from 1945 - 1990.

United States History for Kids: Video of US Presidents
The articles in the Cold War section of the United States History for Kids website provides historical facts and information about the important historical events that occurred from 1945 - 1990. The following video will give you additional important facts, history and dates about the personal and political lives of all the US Presidents of the New Nation Era, adding to your knowledge of United States History.

 

 

Cold War Era: 1945 - 1990
 
Interesting Facts about Cold War Era history for kids and schools
Key historical events in the Cold War Era for kids
Important, key, historical events of Cold War Era
Facts about the Cold War Era and the US Presidencies
Fast, fun, interesting facts on the Cold War Era: 1945 - 1990
Important Cold War Era events in American History
Cold War Era in United States History for schools, homework, kids and children

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