New Innovations and Inventions


The New Innovations Presidents

Definition & Summary of New Innovations and Inventions (1945 - 1991)
The Cold War (1945 - 1991) was a period in history when the Arms Race and the Space Race brought about many important technological breakthroughs with new innovations and inventions. The Cold War era also introduced new important medical innovations and inventions with the development of new antibiotics and drugs to fight infections and diseases. The Interesting New Innovations Timeline with details of inventions, inventors and facts for kids are detailed below together with details of important events, dates, inventions and the names of important inventors who changed the world during the Cold War Era . The New Innovations and inventions of the Cold War era, which include technical advances in computers and electronics, is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating significant inventions and the famous inventors who were involved in the New Innovations and inventions of the Cold War era. Find the important dates and events in the New Innovations Timeline.

Inventions and New Innovations Timeline for Kids (1945 - 1991)
Following WW2 was the period when many scientific advances were made in space exploration, weaponry, electronics, computers and medicine. The New Innovations  and inventions of the Cold War era can be seen in the short, New Innovations timeline for kids. Click the links for more comprehensive articles on the inventions and the inventors of the Cold War period (1945 - 1991).

New Innovations Timeline: Main Inventions, Dates and Events (1945 - 1991)

New Innovations Inventions1945

The WW2 Manhattan Project, under J. Robert Oppenheimer, produce the plutonium and uranium-235 necessary for nuclear fission which leads to US development of the Atomic Bomb.

New Innovations Inventions1945

John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly developed the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) to make military calculations.

New Innovations Inventions1945First vaccine developed for influenza
New Innovations Inventions1946

US banker John C. Biggins of the Flatbush National Bank of Brooklyn invents the first bank-issued credit card

New Innovations Inventions1946

F.C. Williams developed the cathode-ray tube (CRT) storing device the forerunner to random-access memory (RAM)

New Innovations Inventions1947Alan Turing and Donald Watts Davies build the Pilot ACE digital computer
New Innovations Inventions1947Dr. Claude Beck invents the defibrillator
New Innovations Inventions1947

The first manned supersonic flight where the sound barrier was broken was flown by US Air Force Captain Chuck Yeager in the Bell X-1.

New Innovations Inventions1947

Douglas Engelbart theorized on interactive computing with keyboard and screen display instead of using punch cards

New Innovations Inventions1947

US physicists Waler H. Brattain, John Bardeen and William Shockley invent the transistor at Bell Labs making it possible to miniaturize calculators and radios.

New Innovations Inventions1948Andrew Donald Booth invented magnetic drum memory
New Innovations Inventions1948

American aeronautical engineer Francis Rogallo invented Rogallo's flexible wing, which was tested by NASA as a steerable parachute to retrieve Gemini space capsules

New Innovations Inventions1948Cable television was developed in Pennsylvania by John Walson and Margaret Walson.
New Innovations Inventions1948The first hand dryer was invented by George Clemens for use in public restrooms
New Innovations Inventions1949Howard Aiken develops the Harvard-MARK III at Harvard University for the U.S. Navy.
New Innovations Inventions1949Willard F. Libby invented the procedure for Radiocarbon dating
New Innovations Inventions1949The first atomic clock built at the United States National Bureau of Standards
New Innovations Inventions1950John Hopps invents the first cardiac pacemaker
New Innovations Inventions1950Paul Zoll develops the first cardiac pacemaker
New Innovations Inventions1950Hideo Yamachito creates the first electronic computer in Japan
New Innovations Inventions1950The teleprompter was invented by Hubert Schlafly
New Innovations Inventions1950Rosalind Franklin used X-ray diffraction to study the structure of DNA
New Innovations Inventions1950Jonas Salk developed the first polio vaccine
New Innovations Inventions1951

The Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC I) was the first commercial computer made in the United States and designed by John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly

New Innovations Inventions1951

LEO: the first UK business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) is developed by T. Raymond Thompson and John Simmons

New Innovations Inventions1951

The wetsuit was invented by the University of California at Berkeley physicist Hugh Bradner.

New Innovations Inventions1952USA tests its first hydrogen bomb - the Mike Shot thermonuclear device
New Innovations Inventions1952Norman Joseph Woodland invented the barcode
New Innovations Inventions1954Gertrude Elion patents a drug to fight leukemia
New Innovations Inventions1954IBM and John Backus develop the FORTRAN Computer Programming Language
New Innovations Inventions1954Bryce K. Brown invented the radar gun to detect the speed of objects
New Innovations Inventions1954Dee Horton and Lew Hewitt invented the automatic sliding door
New Innovations Inventions1954Dr. Joseph E. Murray performed the first kidney transplant
New Innovations Inventions1955The first nuclear-powered submarine, USS Nautilus SSN 571 was developed
New Innovations Inventions1955Bell Labs introduced its first transistor computer.
New Innovations Inventions1956George Devol and Joseph F. Engelberger were the first to invent an industrial robot.
New Innovations Inventions1957USSR launch Sputnik I and Sputnik 2, the world's first artificial satellites
New Innovations Inventions1957The Cold War Space Race begins (1957 - 1975)
New Innovations Inventions1957USA tests its first intercontinental ballistic missile
New Innovations Inventions1958Dr. Roger Bacon invented the first high-performance carbon fibers
New Innovations Inventions1958ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) is formed
New Innovations Inventions1958National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is formed
New Innovations Inventions1958The Silicon chip, the first integrated circuit, is produced in the US by the Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
New Innovations Inventions1959Philo T. Farnsworth invented the fusor apparatus to create nuclear fusion.
New Innovations Inventions1959Paul Baran theorized on the "survivability of communication systems under nuclear attack"
New Innovations Inventions1960USA Corona Spy Satellite - successful recovery of photographs from space
New Innovations Inventions1960The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language is invented.
New Innovations Inventions1960American physicist Theodore H. Maiman created the first laser.
New Innovations Inventions1960Dr. Gregory Pincus invented the combined oral contraceptive pill (the Pill"
New Innovations Inventions1960The first Global navigation satellite system called Transit, was developed by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory under the leadership of Richard Kershner.
New Innovations Inventions1961Alan Shepherd became the first American, to travel into space on Freedom 7
New Innovations Inventions1962Nick Holonyak Jr. invented the first practical visible-spectrum LED
New Innovations Inventions1962American aerospace engineer John Robinson Pierce working at NASA launched Telstar, the world's first active communications satellite designed to transmit telephone and high-speed data communication
New Innovations Inventions1963

ASCII: The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is developed to standardize data exchange amongst computers

New Innovations Inventions1963The first computer mouse is invented by Douglas Engelbart
New Innovations Inventions1963The first computer mouse is invented by Douglas Engelbart
New Innovations Inventions1962The first computer game 'Spacewar Computer Game' was invented by Steve Russell at MIT
New Innovations Inventions1962USSR launches Zenit Spy Satellite, takes photographs above the USA
New Innovations Inventions1964John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Language (BASIC)
New Innovations Inventions1964IBM introduces the first word processor
New Innovations Inventions1964The First vaccine is developed for measles.
New Innovations Inventions1965Paul C. Fisher invented the space pen which was tested at NASA, and was used during the Apollo 7 mission in 1968.
New Innovations Inventions1965Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson coin the term "hypertext"
New Innovations Inventions1967The first human heart transplant is conducted by Dr. Christiaan Barnard


New Innovations Timeline: Main Inventions, Dates and Events (1945 - 1991)


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New Innovations an Inventions Timeline for kids: Dates and Events
Our interesting New Innovations continues with more facts for kids that are detailed below. The history is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the
history and the important events and people who feature in the New Innovations.

New Innovations Timeline: Main Inventions, Dates and Events (1945 - 1991)

Inventions Timeline1968USA develops MIRV systems that put several warheads on a single launcher to strike widely dispersed targets
Inventions Timeline1968USA launched the Apollo 8 Manned Moon Orbit
Inventions Timeline1969USA places First Man on the Moon. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin in Apollo 11 lunar module
Inventions Timeline1969George Sweigert received a patent for the cordless telephone
Inventions Timeline1969Seymour Cray developed the CDC 7600, the first supercomputer
Inventions Timeline1969Gary Starkweather invented the laser printer working with Xerox
Inventions Timeline1969Joe Sutter of The Boeing Company designed the world's first wide-body aircraft, the Boeing 747
Inventions Timeline1969

The U.S. Department of Defense established the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET ) creating a computer network that could withstand any type of disaster.  ARPANET created the first building blocks to the internet

Inventions Timeline1970The first vaccine is developed for rubella
Inventions Timeline1970

Intel introduced the world's first available dynamic RAM (random-access memory) chip and the Intel 4004, the first microprocessor.

Inventions Timeline1971Ray Tomlinson invented E-mail
Inventions Timeline1971James Fergason invented Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)
Inventions Timeline1971The Floppy Disk, nicknamed the "Floppy" due to its flexibility, was invented by David Noble with IBM
Inventions Timeline1973Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs create the Ethernet, a local-area network (LAN) protocol
Inventions Timeline1973Martin Cooper invented the first handheld cellular mobile phone (cell phone).
Inventions Timeline1973The minicomputer Xerox Alto became a landmark in the development of personal computers.
Inventions Timeline1973Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn develop gateway routing computers (Gateways) to negotiate between the various national networks
New Innovations1973The first voicemail system was invented by Stephen J. Boies.
New Innovations1974The First vaccine is developed for chicken pox
New Innovations1974IBM developed SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language ) known as SQL
New Innovations1974Charles Simonyi coins the phrase WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) to describe the ability to display a file or document exactly how it is going to be viewed or printed
Inventions Timeline1975USA / USSR First multi-national manned missions ended the Cold War Space Race
Inventions Timeline1975Engineer Steven Sasson working at Eastman Kodak invented the first digital camera using a CCD image sensor
Inventions Timeline1975CAT-Scans are invented by Robert S. Ledley
Inventions Timeline1975Bill Gates and Paul Allen found the Microsoft Corporation to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800
Inventions Timeline1975Altair produces the first portable computer
Inventions Timeline1976Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computers.
Inventions Timeline1977Ward Christensen writes the "MODEM" program allowing two microcomputers to exchange files with each other over a telephone line
Inventions Timeline1978The First vaccine developed for meningitis
Inventions Timeline1978The First test-tube baby was born
Inventions Timeline1981The First vaccine is developed for hepatitis B
Inventions Timeline1983

Microsoft Windows are introduced to eliminate the need to type each command, like MS-DOS, by using a mouse to navigate through drop-down menus, tabs and icons

Inventions Timeline1983HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is identified
Inventions Timeline1983The Domain Name System (DNS) pioneered by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge
Inventions Timeline1983Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) - Star Wars
Inventions Timeline1985The artificial kidney dialysis machine is invented by Willem J. Kolff
Inventions Timeline1990

Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau propose a 'hypertext' system starting the modern Internet and the World Wide Web

Inventions Timeline1991The World Wide Web is launched on August 6, 1991

New Innovations Timeline: Main Inventions, Dates and Events (1945 - 1991)




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