Truman Doctrine

 

Harry S Truman

Definition and Summary of the Truman Doctrine
What was the Truman Doctrine? Summary and Definition: The Truman Doctrine derives from a speech made to Congress on March 27, 1947 by President Harry Truman. The Truman Doctrine pledged to support other countries in their struggle to resist communism. The key element of the Truman Doctrine was the policy of containment.  Containment was the policy of restricting communist expansion by diplomatic, military and economic actions. The Truman Doctrine warned that it was the duty of the United States to quash the communist aggression in Turkey and Greece. The purpose of the Truman Doctrine were to ease the USSR demands in Turkey and to stabilize the government in Greece to prevent the spread of communism.

Truman Doctrine
Harry S Truman was the 33rd American President who served in office from April 12, 1945 to January 20, 1953. One of the important events during his presidency was the Truman Doctrine.

What was the Truman Doctrine? Doctrine Definition for kids
What is a Doctrine? Definition: A Doctrine is a set of beliefs held by a politician or political party and used as a statement of government policy, especially in relation to foreign affairs. The Truman Doctrine was set out in a speech to Congress by President Harry Truman on March 27, 1947.

What was the Truman Doctrine? Truman Doctrine Facts for kids
The following fact sheet contains interesting information, history and facts on Truman Doctrine for kids.

Truman Doctrine Facts for kids

 
Truman Doctrine Facts - 1:

The United States had become increasingly alarmed at the rising power of the USSR and the spread of Communism in the countries behind the Iron Curtain

  
Truman Doctrine Facts - 2:

Not content with their influence over the communist-dominated governments in the 'Satellite Nations' of East Germany, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Albania, the USSR sought to extend their power and communism to other countries in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Two of the Soviet's targets were Turkey and Greece.

  
Truman Doctrine Facts - 3:

The Soviet takeover of many of the countries of eastern Europe was achieved using ‘salami tactics’. Salami tactics, or the 'salami-slice strategy', used a divide and conquer process of alliances and threats to overcome opposition. The USSR were adopting the strategy of ‘salami tactics’ in order to dominate Eastern Europe, piece by piece.

  
Truman Doctrine Facts - 4:

Greece was one of the few countries in Eastern Europe that had not turned communist. The Greek Civil War (1946–1949) had erupted and the Communist rebels in Greece were only prevented from taking over the country by the British Army.

  
Truman Doctrine Facts - 5:

Turkey was involved in the Turkish Straits crisis. Following WW2 Turkey was being pressurized by the Soviet government for joint control of the sea ports of the Dardanelles and allow Russian shipping to flow freely through the Turkish Straits. The Turkish Straits, which connected the Black Sea to the Mediterranean, were not only extremely important trade route but were also critical in terms of the Soviet military strategy. Whoever controlled of traffic through the Turkish straits could use them as an exit or entry points for naval forces to travel to and from the Black Sea.

  
Truman Doctrine Facts - 6:

The British were experiencing serious financial difficulties following WW2 and could no longer afford the expense of providing military aid.

  
Truman Doctrine Facts - 7:

The Truman Doctrine responded to the crisis in Greece. On March 27, 1947 President Harry Truman asked Congress to support the Greek Government with military and economic assistance against the Communists. He also asked Congress to provide assistance for Turkey to help them resist the communist threat.

  
Truman Doctrine Facts - 8:

A victory for the Communists in the Greek Civil War would in turn endanger the political stability of its near neighbors Turkey and undermine the political stability of the Middle East.

  
Truman Doctrine Facts - 9:

The Middle East was of  immense strategic importance to US national security and Truman believed it was imperative for America to intervene.

 

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Truman Doctrine Facts for kids

 

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What was the Truman Doctrine? Facts about the Truman Doctrine Facts for kids
The following fact sheet continues with interesting information, history and facts on Truman Doctrine for kids.

Truman Doctrine Facts for kids

  
Facts - 10:

The president requested Congress to provide financial aid to both the Greek and Turkish Governments and to support the dispatch of American civilian and military personnel and equipment to the regions.

  
 Facts - 11:

The Truman Doctrine stated that the United States would support "free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures."

  
Facts - 12:

The US policy of Containment was a key element of the Truman Doctrine, in fact the president's address to Congress is also known as ‘Truman’s containment speech’.  The policy of containment aimed at restricting Soviet expansion by keeping communism within its present territory by diplomatic, military and economic actions.

  
Facts - 13:

The President cautioned Congress that it was the duty of the United States to quash the communist aggression in Turkey and Greece.

  
Facts - 14:

The Truman Doctrine was of immense importance in the Cold War and it set out many of its principles. The Cold War was defined as a conflict between good and bad, and a choice between communism or capitalism, dictatorship or democracy, and freedom or oppression.

  
Facts - 15:

The President's speech became known as the Truman Doctrine and heralded an important change in American foreign policy.

  
Facts - 16:

The Truman Doctrine completely overturned the Monroe Doctrine which had advocated the principle of neutrality and had been the major influence over US government and foreign policy since 1823.

  
Facts - 17:

The Truman Doctrine gave rise to the Domino Theory which related to the spread of communist rule during the Cold War. The Domino theory speculated that if one area came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a crashing domino effect.

  
Facts - 18:

The Truman Doctrine led directly to the Marshall Plan which was ratified by Congress in 1948. The Marshall Plan can be termed as the "Truman Doctrine- Phase II".

  
Facts - 19:

The Truman Doctrine had no specific policy for other regions, like the Middle East or Asiaand this omission was addressed in the Eisenhower Doctrine in 1957.

Truman Doctrine Facts for kids

President Harry Truman Video
The article on the Truman Doctrine provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 33rd American President whose presidency spanned from April 12, 1945 to January 20, 1953.

 

 

 

Truman Doctrine
 
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