Second US Industrial Revolution: Steel, Oil and Electricity
Second US Industrial Revolution: Technical Revolution
The Second Industrial Revolution, also known as the Technological Revolution, refers to the period in United States history that covered important inventions in the latter half of the 19th century until 1914 and World War I. The Bessemer Process moved the nation from the Industrial Age of Iron into the Age of Steel and into the Second Industrial Revolution. New Innovations and Technologies moved on replacing steam power with electric power. The discovery of oil and the production of petrol accelerated the Industrialization of America. Inventions of the Second Industrial Revolution included the Steel Mills, Refrigerator, Electric Light, Typewriter, Phonograph, Radio, Roller Coaster, Washing Machine, Skyscrapers, Elevator, Motion Pictures, Automobile, Telephone, Diesel Engine and the Airplane. Learn about the Inventions of the Second Industrial Revolution.
Second US Industrial Revolution
List of Inventions and Technology
|The Bessemer Process|
Carbon Arc Lamp
US Industrial Revolution: 1855: Steel Mills and the Bessemer Process
During the US Industrial Revolution an important technological advancement was made in 1855 when Henry Bessemer invented a process to create steel from iron which produced steel cheaply and efficiently. The Bessemer Process was an extremely important invention because it helped made stronger rails for railroads and helped to make stronger metal machines and structures like skyscrapers. The impact of the Bessemer process led to the inventions and innovations of the Second Industrial Revolution in the late 1800's.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1855: The Singer Sewing Machine
In 1855 inventor Isaac Singer patents the sewing machine motor and his practical design could be adapted for home use.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1858: The Washing Machine
In 1858 inventor Hamilton Smith patented the first rotary washing machine.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1861: The Elevator
In 1853, American inventor Elisha Otis established a company for manufacturing elevators and patented a steam elevator in 1861. His brakes made skyscrapers a practical reality.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1867: The Typewriter
In 1867 Christopher Scholes invented the first practical and modern typewriter during the Second Industrial Revolution.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1873: Barbed Wire
In 1873 Joseph Glidden invented barbed wire. Barbed wire fencing changed farming and ranching and contributed to the end of the Cowboys of the Old West and the period in U.S. history known as the Wild West.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1876: The Telephone
In March 1876 Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone revolutionizing communication systems.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1877: The Phonograph
In 1877 Thomas Alva Edison invented the cylinder phonograph, or tin foil phonograph.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1879: The Electric Light
In 1879 Thomas Edison (1847-1931) filed for a US patent for an electric lamp using "a carbon filament or strip coiled and connected ... to platina contact wires."
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1881: The Camera
In 1881 David Houston patented the roll film for cameras and in 1884 George Eastman patented paper-strip photographic film. He established the Eastman Kodak Company in 1892.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1883: Arc Lights
During the Industrial Revolution oil lamps and gas lamps in large areas were replaced by the Carbon Arc Lamp. Carbon Arc Lamps were used on the Brooklyn Bridge, one of the wonders of the Industrial Revolution that was opened in 1883 and heralded as one of the greatest engineering feats of all time. Lighting methods using electricity and incandescent lamps were an important feature of the Second Industrial Revolution.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1884: The Skyscrapers
The Home Insurance Building was the First Skyscraper built in 1884 and was designed by architect William Le Baron Jenney who utilized a steel frame for its construction. In 1889 - George Fuller (1851-1900) built the second skyscraper, the Tacoma Building in New York, during 1889 using Bessemer steel beams.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1886: The Daimler Automobile
During the Industrial Revolution the automobile was invented. In 1886 Gottlieb Daimler builds the world’s first four-wheeled motor vehicle.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1891: The Escalator
In 1891 Jesse W. Reno invented the escalator that made skyscrapers to be built even higher..
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1892: The Diesel Engine
In 1892 Rudolf Diesel invented the diesel-fueled internal combustion engine. In 1898 Rudolf Diesel received a patent for an “internal combustion engine” he called the Diesel engine.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1893: The Ferris Wheel
The Ferris Wheel Invention was an engineering marvel designed by American engineer, George Ferris for the 1893 Chicago World's Fair.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1898: The Roller Coaster
In 1898 Edwin Prescott patented the roller coaster in America. The “Loop-the-Loop” roller coaster carried only four riders and proved a great success in Coney Island, New York.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1895: Motion Pictures
During the Industrial Revolution the Lumiere Brothers invent a portable motion-picture camera, film processing unit and projector called the Cinematographe in 1895. The Lumiere Brothers used their Cinematographe to present the first projected motion picture to an audience of more that one person. Refer to Hollywood in the 1920s.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1896: The Radio
In 1896 the Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi sent and received Morse code-based radio signals at distances spanning nearly 4 miles. The same year, Marconi got the first patent in wireless telegraphy in England. In 1897 Serbian-American NikolaTesla invented the induction coil or Tesla coil, a device essential to sending and receiving radio waves and applied for his first patents in radio work in the United States. 1920's Radio and Advertising.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1898: The Roller Coaster
In 1898 Edwin Prescott patented the first roller coaster.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1899: The Vacuum Cleaner
In 1899 John Thurman patents the motor-driven vacuum cleaner.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1900: The Zeppelin Airship
In 1900 the Zeppelin Airship was invented by Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1903: The Airplane
In 1853 George Cayley invented the first manned glider but in December 1903 the Wright Brothers, Orville and Wilbur Wright, invent the first plane that is not powered by wind. Orville Wright flew the gas motored plane for 12 seconds over a beach in North Carolina. His invention revolutionized transportation systems.
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1906: Gasoline-powered tractors
In 1906 Benjamin Holt developed gasoline-powered tractors
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1908: The Ford Automobile
In October 1908 Henry Ford created the Model T. His automobile was much cheaper than other cars because it was made on an Assembly Line using mass production. The Model T revolutionized transportation, allowing many more Americans to buy cars.
Facts about Inventions and Inventors
For visitors interested in inventions and inventors refer to the following articles:
US Industrial Revolution Inventions: United States History for Kids - Video of US Presidents
The article on the Industrial Revolution inventions provides detailed facts and a summary of the most important inventions and innovations during the history of the United States - a crash course in American History. The following video will give you additional important facts, history and dates about the personal and political lives of all the US Presidents.