Harlem Hellfighters Facts

 

Woodrow Wilson

Summary of the Harlem Hellfighters
Summary and Definition: When America entered WW1, on April 6, 1917, there were four all-black regiments consisting of the 9th and 10th Cavalry and the 24th and 25th Infantry.  In 1917 the US War Department created the 92d and 93d Divisions, primarily as black combat units. One particular regiment, the 369th Infantry, later known as the "Harlem Hellfighters" heroically fought on the front lines and received the French Croix de Guerre. Their story is recounted in a 2014 novel by Max Brooks and a movie version of the novel to be produced by Will Smith.

Harlem Hellfighters and African Americans in WW1
Woodrow Wilson was the 28th American President who served in office from March 4, 1913 to March 4, 1921. One of the important events during his presidency was the American entry into WW1 and the role of African Americans in WW1 and the Harlem Hellfighters.

Harlem Hellfighters Facts for kids: Fast Fact Sheet
Fast, fun facts and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's) about the Harlem Hellfighters.
 
Who were the Harlem Hellfighters? The Harlem Hellfighters were a regiment in the 369th Infantry who heroically fought on the front lines and the whole regiment received the French Croix de Guerre, a medal awarded to soldiers from Allied countries for bravery in combat.
Who were the most famous Harlem Hellfighters? The names of the most famous Harlem Hellfighters were Henry Lincoln Johnson, Needham Roberts and James Reese Europe.
Why were the Harlem Hellfighters important? Their bravery during WW1 changed the American public's opinion on African American soldiers and helped pave the way for future African American soldiers.
Where did the Harlem Hellfighters fight? They fought on the Western Front, notably in the Battle of Chateau-Thierry and the Battle of Belleau Wood during the Aisne-Marne Campaign (27 May - 5 June 1918).

American Battles in WW1 - Harlem Hell Fighters

Harlem Hell Fighters - 369th Infantry Regiment

Harlem Hellfighters Facts for kids
The following fact sheet contains interesting facts and information on the all-black 369th regiment - the Harlem Hellfighters for kids.

Facts about the Harlem Hellfighters and African Americans in WW1

 
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 1:The "Harlem Hellfighters" was an all-black National Guard unit, the 369th Infantry, that was among the first American forces to arrive in Europe during World War I. The 369th Infantry was originally the 15th New York (Colored) Regiment.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 2:The 369th regiment commenced basic training at Camp Whitman in July 1917 then reassigned to Spartanburg, South Carolina to complete their training. They were deployed to France and reached the Western Front in January 1918.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 3:The "Harlem Hellfighters" received their nickname from the German enemy who referred to them as Hell Fighters - 70% of the 369th Infantry considered Harlem to be their home.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 4:The 369th was  under the command of mostly white officers including their commander, Colonel William Hayward. The 92d and 93d Divisions had some black officers, although white officers dominated the command structure.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 5:The African Americans in WW1 served in racially segregated units and most were limited to serving in labor battalions - the Harlem Hellfighters were an exception.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 6:General John J. Pershing assigned the 369th to the 16th Division of the French Army. The 369th were trained to use French weapons and they wore French helmets - the French helmet became the official patch of the unit.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 7:The 369th bravely fought on the Western Front, the fighting zone in France and Flanders during WW1, notably in the Battle of Chateau-Thierry and the Battle of Belleau Wood during the Aisne-Marne Campaign (27 May - 5 June 1918)
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 8:The Hell Fighters served for more than 6 months on the front lines and suffered more than 1400 casualties
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 9:The Hell fighters" never lost a prisoner or gave up a foot of captured ground. Their motto was "God damn, let's go."
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 10:The Harlem Hellfighters spent 191 days in front line trenches, more than any other American unit. They were the first unit to cross the Rhine into Germany.
 

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Facts about the Harlem Hellfighters and African Americans in WW1

1916 Harlem Hellfighters for kids
The info about the Harlem Hellfighters provides interesting facts and important information about this important event that occured during the presidency of the 28th President of the United States of America.

 

Presidential Seal

 

Harlem Hellfighters Facts for kids
The following fact sheet continues with interesting facts and information on the all-black 369th regiment - the Harlem Hellfighters for kids.

Facts about the Harlem Hellfighters and African Americans in WW1

 
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 11:Corporal Henry Johnson and Private Needham Roberts were famous Hell Fighter heroes. In May 1918 Johnson and Roberts were defending a lookout post on the Western Front when they were attacked by a German unit. Both were wounded but they refused to surrender. Corporal Henry Johnson and Private Needham Roberts were the first Americans awarded the Croix de Guerre.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 12:Hell Fighter, James Reese Europe, was the first African-American officer to lead troops into battle during WW1 and survived a poison gas attack. He became the regimental jazz band leader and famously introduced jazz music to the French and British.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 13:The regiment was relieved on December 12, 1918 from assignment to the French 161st Division, and returned to the New York Port of Embarkation.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 14:The 369th was the first New York unit to return to America, and was the first unit to march up Fifth Avenue from the Washington Square Park Arch to their armory in Harlem marching to the music of their regimental jazz band leader, James Reese Europe.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 15:The 369th was demobilized on February 28, 1919 at Camp Upton at Yaphank, New York, and returned to the New York Army National Guard.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 16:The whole regiment was awarded the French military honor, the Croix de Guerre, and 171 of the officers and troops received individual citations for bravery, more than any other American unit in WW1.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 17:African American soldiers were originally nicknamed "Buffalo Soldiers". The original Buffalo Soldiers were members of the U.S. 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, and given the nickname by Native Americans. The nickname "Buffalo Soldiers" became synonymous with all of the African American regiments until the emergence of the Harlem Hell Fighters.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 18:400,000 African Americans were drafted under the 1917 Selective Draft Act but only 42,000 African American soldiers, including the Harlem Hellfighters, served overseas as combat troops.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 19:The Harlem Hellfighters continue to serve the nation at home and abroad. They returned home in January 2005 from a year long deployment overseas where they provided logistical support for the United States and allied forces in Southern and Central Iraq.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 20:Author Max Brooks, the son of actress Anne Bancroft and actor Mel Brooks, wrote a novel called 'The Harlem Hellfighters' which was published in 2014 containing a fictionalized account of the experiences of the African American 369th Infantry Regiment.
  
Harlem Hellfighters Fact 21:Sony Pictures has purchased the rights to create a movie version of the novel to be produced by Will Smith via his production company Overbrook Entertainment
  

Facts about the Harlem Hellfighters and African Americans in WW1

Facts about the Harlem Hellfighters: American entry and US role World War I
On April 6, 1917 the United States Senate declared war on Germany and fought with the allies in WW1. For additional facts and information refer to the following links: .

Black History for kids: Important People and Events
For visitors interested in African American History refer to Black History - People and Events. A useful resource  for teachers, kids, schools and colleges undertaking projects for the Black History Month.

Harlem Hellfighters for kids - President Woodrow Wilson Video
The article on the Harlem Hellfighters provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following Woodrow Wilson video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 28th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1913 to March 4, 1921.

 

 

 

Harlem Hellfighters
 
Interesting Facts about Harlem Hellfighters for kids and schools
Key events and Harlem Hellfighters  for kids
The Harlem Hellfighters, a major event in US history
Woodrow Wilson Presidency from March 4, 1913 to March 4, 1921
Fast, fun facts about the Harlem Hellfighters
Foreign & Domestic policies of President Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson Presidency and Harlem Hellfighters for schools, homework, kids and children

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