America in WW1

Woodrow Wilson

Definition and Summary of America in WW1 and the Events at Home
Summary and Definition: The home front of America in World War I witnessed a systematic mobilization of the entire population and the economy to produce the troops, food supplies, munitions and money needed to win the war. Federal Mobilization Agencies were established including the War Industries Board, the Committee on Public Information, National War Labor Board and Railroad, Food and Fuel Administrations.

America in WW1 for kids - Events at Home
Woodrow Wilson was the 28th American President who served in office from March 4, 1913 to March 4, 1921. One of the most important events was America in  WW1 and the events at home.

   
  

American World War One poster

American World War One poster
 

Facts on America in WW1 for kids: US Neutrality violated
At the outbreak of WW1 President Wilson adopted a neutral position in an effort to keep America from being drawn into the war that was raging in Europe. His neutral stance kept the US out of the US conflict for 2Ĺ years but the actions of Germany violated US neutrality by attacking international shipping with its unrestricted U-Boat submarine warfare campaign.

Facts on America in WW1:US declares War on April 6, 1917
America declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917 and the ill-prepared nation was faced with meeting the demands of entry into World War One - the Great War. In April 1917, the American Army numbered only 300,000 including all the National Guard units that could be federalized for national service.

Facts on America in WW1: Government Action
Plans for the US entry into WWI were put into immediate effect:

● The military needed to be built up
● Industry needed to be organized to increase efficiency and production
● Money had to raised to support the war effort and pay for the war

● The workforce needed to be mobilized
● Food and Fuel had to be conserved
● The US government needed to ensure support of its citizens for the war
● Legislation to curtail antiwar activities, espionage and enemies at home

America in WW1: Facts about America in WW1 for kids - Events at Home
This article contains interesting information about important home events in homeland America during WWI

Facts about America in WW1 for kids -  Events at Home

America in WW1 Fact 1: The date of the US entry into WW1 was April 6, 1917, two and a half years after the war had begun. The date that World War 1 ended was 11 November 1918.

Wilson-war-message-1917

America in WW1 Fact 2: On May 18, 1917 the United States passed the Selective Service Act with a new conscription system requiring all men between the ages of 21 - 30 to register for the draft. A lottery randomly determined
the order men were called before a local draft board (run by civilians from local communities) in charge of exempting or selecting people for military service.

America in WW1 Fact 3: Just under 3 million Americans were drafted in WW1 and approximately 2 million others volunteered for military service.

America in WW1 Fact 4: African Americans in WW1: 400,000 African Americans were drafted during the war, and over 40,000 African Americans served overseas as combat troops

America in WW1 Fact 5: African Americans in WW1 - the "Great Migration": The number of white workers drafted and the halt of immigration from Europe led to a need for additional labor in factories and industries in the north. Between 300,000 and 500,000 African Americans left the South to settle in Northern cities which became known as the "Great Migration"

America in WW1 Fact 6: The labor shortage caused by WW1 also prompted the US government to encourage Mexicans to work in the United States. Between 1917 - 1920, over 100,000 Mexicans migrated to provide labor for the farmers of the Southwest - For more facts check out Mexican Migration

America in WW1 Fact 7: Women in the US Army: Over 20,000 nurses served in the army during WWI including more than 10,000 overseas

America in WW1 Fact 8: Women in the US Navy: The navy authorized the enlistment of women mainly to meet its clerical requirements but also as torpedo assemblers, radio operators and pharmacists. Over 11,000 women served in the US navy during WWI.

America in WW1 Fact 9: Women also took jobs in factories and industries producing supplies needed for the war effort.

America in WW1 Fact 10: Hollywood joined in the war effort making propaganda movies and shorts and the movie stars encouraged the sale of war bonds.

Continued...

Facts about America in WW1 for kids -  Events at Home

Facts about America in WW1 for kids -  Events at Home
Facts about America in WW1 for kids and events at Home are detailed further in the fact sheet for kids.

Facts about America in WW1 for kids -  Events at Home

America in WW1 Fact 11: The American Federation of Labor (AFL), and nearly all labor unions were strong supporters of the war effort.

America in WW1 Fact 12: Other special boards were established to encourage cooperation between the government and big business ensuring efficient use of national resources to further the war effort

America in WW1 Fact 13: In May 1917 the US government passed the Lever Food and Fuel Act. Food Administration was headed by Herbert Hoover in an effort to conserve food and boost agricultural output in the US.

America in WW1 Fact 14: In May 1917 the Committee on Public Information, also known as the CPI or the Creel Committee was established. The Creel Committee began to issue official propaganda. In Washington, D.C. daily 'Official Bulletins' were issued to convince Americans to influence U.S. public opinion regarding American participation in World War I.

America in WW1 Fact 15: The Black Tom explosion on July 30, 1916, in Jersey City, New Jersey, was an act of sabotage by German agents to destroy munitions that were to be supplied to the Allies in World War I.

America in WW1 Fact 16: Rumors about biological sabotage in Russia  (in the form of anthrax and glanders) undertaken on behalf of the Imperial German government reached America and raised the nation's fears of internal attacks

America in WW1 Fact 17: The National Defense Act was passed on June 3, 1916. The Espionage Act of 1917 became effective on June 15, 1917 and designed to punish acts of interference with the foreign relations, US foreign commerce, to punish espionage.

America in WW1 Fact 18: There was a strong wave of anti-German sentiments and German citizens were required to register with the federal government and always carry their registration cards.

America in WW1 Fact 19: In July 1917 the War Industries Board - WIB was created to coordinate the production of war materials

America in WW1 Fact 20: On August 23, 1917 the Federal Fuel Administration, run by Harry Garfield, was created to manage the nationís use of oil and coal. To conserve energy, Harry Garfield introduced daylight savings time and shortened workweeks for factories that did not manufacture war materials.

America in WW1 Fact 21: On December 26, 1917 the U.S. government took temporary control of nation's railroads under the Federal Possession and Control Act in order to increase operating efficiency and modernize equipment.

America in WW1 Fact 22: In March 1918 Congress created the National War Labor Board  to prevent strikes that would disrupt production in war industries.

America in WW1 Fact 23: The cost of the war was paid for by increasing taxes and by selling Liberty Bonds and Victory Bonds

America in WW1 Fact 24: The Sedition Act of 1918 became effective on May 16, 1918 extending the Espionage Act of 1917 to cover a broader range of offenses, notably speeches containing expressions of doubt about America's role in the war or interfered with the sale of government bonds.

America in WW1 Fact 25: The Fourteen Points Speech: President Woodrow Wilson presented a speech to a joint session of the US Congress on January 8, 1918 containing fourteen points he considered were essential elements for a peaceful settlement of WW1

America in WW1 Fact 26: Fighting during World War 1 ceased when an Armistice, or temporary cessation of hostilities went into effect on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month on November 11, 1918.

Facts about America in WW1 for kids -  Events at Home

America in WW1 for kids: American entry and US role World War I
On April 6, 1917 the United States Senate declared war on Germany and fought with the allies in WW1. For additional facts and information refer to the following links: .

America in WW1 - President Woodrow Wilson Video
The article on the America in WW1 provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following Woodrow Wilson video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 28th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1913 to March 4, 1921.

America in WW1

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● The America in WW1 , a major event in US history
● Woodrow Wilson Presidency from March 4, 1913 to March 4, 1921
● Fast, fun facts about the America in WW1
● Foreign & Domestic policies of President Woodrow Wilson
● Woodrow Wilson Presidency and America in WW1 for schools, homework, kids and children

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