Underground Railroad Map and Routes: Overview of the Escape from Slavery
The following Underground Railroad Map shows an overview of the free states in the North and the slave states in the South together with routes to freedom leading to the North and Canada or further south to Mexico and the Spanish territories of Florida with access to the islands of the Caribbean.
Underground Railroad Map and Routes (Overview of the Escape from Slavery)
Underground Railroad Map and Routes (Overview)
Underground Railroad Map and Routes: Balance between Free States and Slave States
Slavery had been excluded from the Northwest by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787. The Fugitive Slave Act imposed harsh penalties on runaway slaves and the people who helped them. After 1812 up to the American Civil war (1861-1865), maintaining the balance of free and slave states was considered of paramount importance by the federal legislature if the Union were to be preserved. The Missouri Compromise maintained the balance by admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a non-slave state at the same time, retaining the balance between slave and free states. New states entering the Union were often admitted in pairs. The Arkansas Territory was opened to slave states by the Missouri Compromise, the unorganized territory in the west was closed to slavery by the Missouri Compromise. The Second Great Awakening resulted in the Abolitionist Movement which became active following Nat Turner's Rebellion and the establishment of the Underground Railroad. Also refer to Underground Railroad Symbols and Secret Codes.
Underground Railroad Map and Routes: Free States
Underground Railroad Map indicates the free states that were Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont and Maine.
Underground Railroad Map and Routes: Slave States
Underground Railroad Map indicates the slave states that consisted of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.