The Fugitive Slave Act for kids: The Constitution and the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act
Article 4, Section 2, Clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution (called the Fugitive Slave Clause) provides that persons held to service in one state escaping into another state shall be returned to the slave owner. Slaves lived under heavy restrictions and passes were required for all slaves working or traveling outside the plantation. In 1793 Congress passed a law called the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act to carry out this provision of the Constitution.
The Fugitive Slave Act: Avoiding the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act
Many Northern states wanted to evade the act and some states passed "personal liberty laws" giving the right of a jury trial before fugitive slaves could be moved - many of these juries refused to convict fugitives charged under the Act. Other states in the North forbade the use of local jails, or the assistance of state officials, in the arrest or return of runaway slaves.
The Fugitive Slave Act: The 1850 Fugitive Slave Act
The 1793 Act was therefore not particularly effective because its enforcement had been left to the states, and public opinion in the North was opposed to the return of runaway, fugitive slaves. The law of 1850 increased harsher penalties against runaway slaves and the people who helped them. It also the power to United States to enforce the law by arresting or returning runaway slaves and led to the formation of slave patrols.
The End of the Fugitive Slave Act
The end of the Fugitive Slave Act
Both the Acts were officially repealed by an act of Congress on June 28, 1864
The 13th Amendment was passed on January 31, 1865 abolishing slavery
1793 Fugitive Slave Act for kids
1793 Fugitive Slave Act
The 1793 Act gave slave owners the right to recover escaped fugitive slaves and required citizens to help in the return of an escaped slave from one state to another.
What was the Purpose of the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act?
Why was the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act enacted? The purpose of the 1793 Act was carry out the provision of Article 4, Section 2, Clause 3 in the Constitution.
What was the Significance of the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act?
The significance of the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act was that:
Legal, organized, Slave Patrols were established in the south
The law was seldom enforced in the north, because its enforcement had been left to the states
Public opinion in the North gradually strengthened against slavery