New Innovations and Inventions

The New Innovations Presidents

Definition & Summary of New Innovations and Inventions (1945 - 1991)
The Cold War (1945 - 1991) was a period in history when the Arms Race and the Space Race brought about many important technological breakthroughs with new innovations and inventions. The Cold War era also introduced new important medical innovations and inventions with the development of new antibiotics and drugs to fight infections and diseases. The Interesting New Innovations Timeline with details of inventions, inventors and facts for kids are detailed below together with details of important events, dates, inventions and the names of important inventors who changed the world during the Cold War Era .

The New Innovations and inventions of the Cold War era, which include technical advances in computers and electronics, is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating significant inventions and the famous inventors who were involved in the New Innovations and inventions of the Cold War era. Find the important dates and events in the New Innovations Timeline.


Inventions and New Innovations Timeline for Kids (1945 - 1991)
Following WW2 was the period when many scientific advances were made in space exploration, weaponry, electronics, computers and medicine. The New Innovations  and inventions of the Cold War era can be seen in the short, New Innovations timeline for kids. Click the links for more comprehensive articles on the inventions and the inventors of the Cold War period (1945 - 1991).

New Innovations Timeline: Main Inventions, Dates and Events (1945 - 1991)

New Innovations Inventions: 1945 - The WW2 Manhattan Project, under J. Robert Oppenheimer, produce the plutonium and uranium-235 necessary for nuclear fission which leads to US development of the Atomic Bomb.

New Innovations Inventions: 1945 - John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly developed the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) to make military calculations.

New Innovations Inventions: 1945 - First vaccine developed for influenza

New Innovations Inventions: 1946 - US banker John C. Biggins of the Flatbush National Bank of Brooklyn invents the first bank-issued credit card

New Innovations Inventions: 1946 - F.C. Williams developed the cathode-ray tube (CRT) storing device the forerunner to random-access memory (RAM)

New Innovations Inventions: 1947 - Alan Turing and Donald Watts Davies build the Pilot ACE digital computer

New Innovations Inventions: 1947 - Dr. Claude Beck invents the defibrillator

New Innovations Inventions: 1947 - The first manned supersonic flight where the sound barrier was broken was flown by US Air Force Captain Chuck Yeager in the Bell X-1.

New Innovations Inventions: 1947 - Douglas Engelbart theorized on interactive computing with keyboard and screen display instead of using punch cards

New Innovations Inventions: 1947 - US physicists Waler H. Brattain, John Bardeen and William Shockley invent the transistor at Bell Labs making it possible to miniaturize calculators and radios.

New Innovations Inventions: 1948 - Andrew Donald Booth invented magnetic drum memory

New Innovations Inventions: 1948 - American aeronautical engineer Francis Rogallo invented Rogallo's flexible wing, which was tested by NASA as a steerable parachute to retrieve Gemini space capsules

New Innovations Inventions: 1948 - Cable television was developed in Pennsylvania by John Walson and Margaret Walson.

New Innovations Inventions: 1948 - The first hand dryer was invented by George Clemens for use in public restrooms

New Innovations Inventions: 1949 - Howard Aiken develops the Harvard-MARK III at Harvard University for the U.S. Navy.

New Innovations Inventions: 1949 - Willard F. Libby invented the procedure for Radiocarbon dating

New Innovations Inventions: 1949 - The first atomic clock built at the United States National Bureau of Standards

New Innovations Inventions: 1950 - John Hopps invents the first cardiac pacemaker

New Innovations Inventions: 1950 - Paul Zoll develops the first cardiac pacemaker

New Innovations Inventions: 1950 - Hideo Yamachito creates the first electronic computer in Japan

New Innovations Inventions: 1950 - The teleprompter was invented by Hubert Schlafly

New Innovations Inventions: 1950 - Rosalind Franklin used X-ray diffraction to study the structure of DNA

New Innovations Inventions: 1950 - Jonas Salk developed the first polio vaccine

New Innovations Inventions: 1951 - The Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC I) was the first commercial computer made in the United States and designed by John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly

New Innovations Inventions: 1951 - LEO: the first UK business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) is developed by T. Raymond Thompson and John Simmons

New Innovations Inventions: 1951 - The wetsuit was invented by the University of California at Berkeley physicist Hugh Bradner.

New Innovations Inventions: 1952 - USA tests its first hydrogen bomb - the Mike Shot thermonuclear device

New Innovations Inventions: 1952 - Norman Joseph Woodland invented the barcode

New Innovations Inventions: 1954 - Gertrude Elion patents a drug to fight leukemia

New Innovations Inventions: 1954 - IBM and John Backus develop the FORTRAN Computer Programming Language

New Innovations Inventions: 1954 - Bryce K. Brown invented the radar gun to detect the speed of objects

New Innovations Inventions: 1954 - Dee Horton and Lew Hewitt invented the automatic sliding door

New Innovations Inventions: 1954 - Dr. Joseph E. Murray performed the first kidney transplant

New Innovations Inventions: 1955 - The first nuclear-powered submarine, USS Nautilus SSN 571 was developed

New Innovations Inventions: 1955 - Bell Labs introduced its first transistor computer.

New Innovations Inventions: 1956 - George Devol and Joseph F. Engelberger were the first to invent an industrial robot.

New Innovations Inventions: 1957 - USSR launch Sputnik I and Sputnik 2, the world's first artificial satellites

New Innovations Inventions: 1957 - The Cold War Space Race begins (1957 - 1975)

New Innovations Inventions: 1957 - USA tests its first intercontinental ballistic missile

New Innovations Inventions: 1958 - Dr. Roger Bacon invented the first high-performance carbon fibers

New Innovations Inventions: 1958 - ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) is formed

New Innovations Inventions: 1958 - National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is formed

New Innovations Inventions: 1958 - The Silicon chip, the first integrated circuit, is produced in the US by the Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce

New Innovations Inventions: 1959 - Philo T. Farnsworth invented the fusor apparatus to create nuclear fusion.

New Innovations Inventions: 1959 - Paul Baran theorized on the "survivability of communication systems under nuclear attack"

New Innovations Inventions: 1960 - USA Corona Spy Satellite - successful recovery of photographs from space

New Innovations Inventions: 1960 - The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language is invented.

New Innovations Inventions: 1960 - American physicist Theodore H. Maiman created the first laser.

New Innovations Inventions: 1960 - Dr. Gregory Pincus invented the combined oral contraceptive pill (the Pill"

New Innovations Inventions: 1960 - The first Global navigation satellite system called Transit, was developed by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory under the leadership of Richard Kershner.

New Innovations Inventions: 1961 - Alan Shepherd became the first American, to travel into space on Freedom 7

New Innovations Inventions: 1962 - Nick Holonyak Jr. invented the first practical visible-spectrum LED

New Innovations Inventions: 1962 - American aerospace engineer John Robinson Pierce working at NASA launched Telstar, the world's first active communications satellite designed to transmit telephone and high-speed data communication

New Innovations Inventions: 1963 - ASCII: The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is developed to standardize data exchange amongst computers

New Innovations Inventions: 1963 - The first computer mouse is invented by Douglas Engelbart

New Innovations Inventions: 1963 - The first computer mouse is invented by Douglas Engelbart

New Innovations Inventions: 1962 - The first computer game 'Spacewar Computer Game' was invented by Steve Russell at MIT

New Innovations Inventions: 1962 - USSR launches Zenit Spy Satellite, takes photographs above the USA

New Innovations Inventions: 1964 - John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Language (BASIC)

New Innovations Inventions: 1964 - IBM introduces the first word processor

New Innovations Inventions: 1964 - The First vaccine is developed for measles.

New Innovations Inventions: 1965 - Paul C. Fisher invented the space pen which was tested at NASA, and was used during the Apollo 7 mission in 1968.

New Innovations Inventions: 1965 - Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson coin the term "hypertext"

New Innovations Inventions: 1967 - The first human heart transplant is conducted by Dr. Christiaan Barnard


New Innovations Timeline: Main Inventions, Dates and Events (1945 - 1991)

New Innovations an Inventions Timeline for kids: Dates and Events
Our interesting New Innovations continues with more facts for kids that are detailed below. The history is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the
history and the important events and people who feature in the New Innovations.

New Innovations Timeline: Main Inventions, Dates and Events (1945 - 1991)

Inventions Timeline: 1968 - USA develops MIRV systems that put several warheads on a single launcher to strike widely dispersed targets

Inventions Timeline: 1968 - USA launched the Apollo 8 Manned Moon Orbit

Inventions Timeline: 1969 - USA places First Man on the Moon. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin in Apollo 11 lunar module

Inventions Timeline: 1969 - George Sweigert received a patent for the cordless telephone

Inventions Timeline: 1969 - Seymour Cray developed the CDC 7600, the first supercomputer

Inventions Timeline: 1969 - Gary Starkweather invented the laser printer working with Xerox

Inventions Timeline: 1969 - Joe Sutter of The Boeing Company designed the world's first wide-body aircraft, the Boeing 747

Inventions Timeline: 1969 - The U.S. Department of Defense established the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET ) creating a computer network that could withstand any type of disaster.  ARPANET created the first building blocks to the internet

Inventions Timeline: 1970 - The first vaccine is developed for rubella

Inventions Timeline: 1970 - Intel introduced the world's first available dynamic RAM (random-access memory) chip and the Intel 4004, the first microprocessor.

Inventions Timeline: 1971 - Ray Tomlinson invented E-mail

Inventions Timeline: 1971 - James Fergason invented Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)

Inventions Timeline: 1971 - The Floppy Disk, nicknamed the "Floppy" due to its flexibility, was invented by David Noble with IBM

Inventions Timeline: 1973 - Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs create the Ethernet, a local-area network (LAN) protocol

Inventions Timeline: 1973 - Martin Cooper invented the first handheld cellular mobile phone (cell phone).

Inventions Timeline: 1973 - The minicomputer Xerox Alto became a landmark in the development of personal computers.

Inventions Timeline: 1973 - Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn develop gateway routing computers (Gateways) to negotiate between the various national networks

New Innovations: 1973 - The first voicemail system was invented by Stephen J. Boies.

New Innovations: 1974 - The First vaccine is developed for chicken pox

New Innovations: 1974 - IBM developed SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language ) known as SQL

New Innovations: 1974 - Charles Simonyi coins the phrase WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) to describe the ability to display a file or document exactly how it is going to be viewed or printed

Inventions Timeline: 1975 - USA / USSR First multi-national manned missions ended the Cold War Space Race

Inventions Timeline: 1975 - Engineer Steven Sasson working at Eastman Kodak invented the first digital camera using a CCD image sensor

Inventions Timeline: 1975 - CAT-Scans are invented by Robert S. Ledley

Inventions Timeline: 1975 - Bill Gates and Paul Allen found the Microsoft Corporation to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800

Inventions Timeline: 1975 - Altair produces the first portable computer

Inventions Timeline: 1976 - Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computers.

Inventions Timeline: 1977 - Ward Christensen writes the "MODEM" program allowing two microcomputers to exchange files with each other over a telephone line

Inventions Timeline: 1978 - The First vaccine developed for meningitis

Inventions Timeline: 1978 - The First test-tube baby was born

Inventions Timeline: 1981 - The First vaccine is developed for hepatitis B

Inventions Timeline: 1983 - Microsoft Windows are introduced to eliminate the need to type each command, like MS-DOS, by using a mouse to navigate through drop-down menus, tabs and icons

Inventions Timeline: 1983 - HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is identified

Inventions Timeline: 1983 - The Domain Name System (DNS) pioneered by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge

Inventions Timeline: 1983 - Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) - Star Wars

Inventions Timeline: 1985 - The artificial kidney dialysis machine is invented by Willem J. Kolff

Inventions Timeline: 1990 - Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau propose a 'hypertext' system starting the modern Internet and the World Wide Web

Inventions Timeline: 1991 - The World Wide Web is launched on August 6, 1991

New Innovations Timeline: Main Inventions, Dates and Events (1945 - 1991)

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