1906 Pure Food and Drug Act for kids: Progressive Era
The Progressive Era was the period in US History in which pressure groups raised the awareness of political and social injustices and the plight of many Americans who were living in squalid conditions, and earned their living in dangerous and unhealthy working conditions. Unpleasant changes in society had been brought about by rapid Urbanization where people had moved from a rural environment to a congested, dirty city setting. The effects of Industrialization had led to the growth of Big Business and Corporations and the rise of massive factories owned by ruthless, greedy Robber Barons who cared little about people, but a lot about profits. The drive to increase production and improve profits led unhygienic practices that threatened the welfare and safety of the nation.
1906 Pure Food and Drug Act for kids: Background History - Upton Sinclair
The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 and the Meat Inspection Act of 1906 were both widely accredited to a book called 'The Jungle' that was written by the Progressive author Upton Sinclair. Upton Sinclair revealed the unhygienic and unsanitary methods used by the food industry and a scandal emerged about the quality and purity of food sold to the U.S. public. The Jungle was published in 1906 and became an international best seller. Upton Sinclair exposed Chicago's meatpacking industry telling lurid tales of diseased meat, of dead rats and the poison that killed them being thrown into the processing vats to make sausages.
1906 Pure Food and Drug Act for kids: Public Outcry
The ensuing public outcry resulted in a government investigation which changed the food laws in America overnight. Upton Sinclair was reviled by the industry owners as one of the Muckrakers of the Progressive Era. President Roosevelt sent social worker James Bronson Reynolds and labor commissioner Charles P. Neill to investigate the Upton Sinclair's claims, and make surprise visits to meat packing facilities. President Theodore Roosevelt was appalled by the Neill-Reynolds report - Upton Sinclair's damning revelations were all true. The Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act were immediately signed into law.
What was the Purpose of the Pure Food and Drug Act?
What did the Pure Food and Drug Act do? The purpose of the Pure Food and Drug Act was:
To respond to the public outcry against the unhygienic and unsanitary processing methods
To protect the public from contaminated, unsafe food
To protect the public from deceptive, mis-labeled and amplified claims of the benefits, cures and effectiveness of a drug or medicine made, marketed and branded by a manufacturer that is available without prescription
The man responsible for drafting the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 was Dr. H.W. Wiley, the chief chemist of the US Department of Agriculture.
What are the Provisions of the Pure Food and Drug Act?
What did the Pure Food and Drug Act do?
The Pure Food and Drug Act prohibited the interstate transportation and sale of adulterated food and deceptive medicines
It prevented adulteration of foods and drugs
It prevented mis-labeling of foods and drugs
The Pure Food and Drug Act prohibited exaggerated claims of effectiveness made for pseudo-medical patent medicines
The Pure Food and Drug Act was enacted by Congress in accordance with its power under the Commerce Clause in the Constitution:
Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3, of the Constitution (the Commerce Clause) gives Congress exclusive power over trade activities among the states
1906 Pure Food and Drug Act for kids: What is the Definition of "Adulterated" food?
The Pure Food and Drug Act banned the interstate transportation and sale of adulterated food. But what is the Definition of "Adulterated food"? "Adulterated" food is defined as:
Food which is combined, or packaged, with another substance that adversely affects the quality or strength of the food
Foods that are substituted in whole, or part, by another substance
Foods that have had any essential component removed in whole or part
Foods that have been blended, coated, colored, or stained to conceal damage or inferiority
Foods that have had poisonous or harmful additions made to it
Foods that are composed of filthy or decomposed animal or vegetable matter
Food that is the product of a diseased animal, or an animal that has died, other than by slaughtering