What was the Purpose of the Pure Food and Drug Act?
What was the purpose of the Pure Food and Drug Act do? The purpose of the Meat Inspection Act was to:
● Established sanitary standards for slaughterhouses and meat processing plants
● Authorized the U.S. Department of Agriculture to conduct the ongoing monitoring and inspection of slaughter and processing operations
● The Mandatory inspection of livestock before slaughter (cattle, sheep, goats, horses, mules, and swine)
● The Mandatory postmortem inspection of every carcass after slaughter
Meat Inspection Act and the Food and Drug Act for kids
The Meat Inspection Act was signed by President Theodore Roosevelt on June 30, 1906, the same day as the Pure Food and Drug Act (PFDA) and the two laws worked in combination with each other. They were the first federal laws to regulate foods and drugs in America and a direct result of the unsanitary methods used by the food industry that were revealed in 'The Jungle' written by the Progressive author Upton Sinclair. The Meat Inspection Act and the Food and Drug Act were important elements of Roosevelt's Square Deal Domestic Policy and key pieces of legislation during the history of Progressive Era.
1906 Meat Inspection Act History for kids
The 1906 Meat Inspection Act and the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act were both widely accredited to the revelations made in a book called 'The Jungle' written by the Progressive author Upton Sinclair. Upton Sinclair exposed the unhygienic and unsanitary methods used by the food industry that resulted in a scandal about the quality and purity of food sold to the U.S. public. 'The Jungle' became an international best seller, exposing Chicago's meatpacking industry, recounting shocking tales of diseased meat, of dead rats and the poison that killed them being thrown into the processing vats to be made into sausages.
1906 Pure Food and Drug Act for kids: Theodore Roosevelt
The public outcry that followed the publication of 'The Jungle' resulted in a government investigation which immediately changed the food laws in America. Upton Sinclair was condemned by the industry owners as one of the Muckrakers of the Progressive Era but President Theodore Roosevelt sent James Bronson Reynolds (a social worker) and labor commissioner Charles P. Neill to investigate Upton Sinclair's claims. Neill and Reynolds made surprise visits to the meat packing warehouses and factories in Chicago. President Roosevelt was appalled by the Neill-Reynolds report - Upton Sinclair's ghastly revelations were all true. Theodore Roosevelt immediately signed the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act into law.
What were the Effects of the Meat Inspection Act?
Why was the Meat Inspection Act important? The Effects of the Pure Food and Drug Act:
● Assured the American people that the federal government were taking significant steps to pass laws to improve the general health and welfare of the public and stop the unsafe and unhygienic practices of the Meat Processing companies
● It gave credibility to the Square Deal domestic policy of President Theodore Roosevelt
● It gave credence to the effectiveness of the 'Muckrakers' investigative journalism and their books that tackled social issues and the importance of the Progressive authors
● The largest meat processors and packers resisted certain features of the act, but they accepted it as a means to drive out smaller businesses
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Meat Inspection Act for kids - President Theodore Roosevelt Video
The article on the Meat Inspection Act provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 26th American President whose presidency spanned from September 14, 1901 to March 4, 1909.
Meat Inspection Act
● Facts about the Meat Inspection Act for kids and schools
● Summary of the Meat Inspection Act in US history
● The Meat Inspection Act, a major event in US history
● Theodore Roosevelt from September 14, 1901 to March 4, 1909
● Fast, fun facts about the Meat Inspection Act
● Foreign & Domestic policies of President Theodore Roosevelt
● Theodore Roosevelt Presidency and Meat Inspection Act for schools, homework, kids and children