1789 Judiciary Act for kids - Circuit Courts
The Circuit courts, which consisted of the middle tier of the federal court system, were established to serve as principal trial courts. A local district judge and two Supreme Court justices preside over the circuit courts. The Circuit Courts exercise limited appellate jurisdiction. Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts.
1789 Judiciary Act for kids - Lower Courts
The 1789 Judiciary Act divided the country into districts with one court and one judge in each, together with attorneys (lawyers) responsible for civil and criminal actions in their districts. A writ of mandamus offered one exception to this rule allowing for the appeal of a decision to a higher court with a petition for a Writ of Mandamus. The order will be issued only in exceptional circumstances. (This clause was declared unconstitutional by Marbury v. Madison and the Judiciary Act of 1789 was the first act of Congress to be partially invalidated by the Supreme Court - refer to the Midnight Judges).
DISCLAIMER: This website and any information contained herein are intended for educational and informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. Seek competent legal counsel from a lawyer for advice on any legal matter.
1789 Judiciary Act for kids - President George Washington Video
The article on the 1789 Judiciary Act provides an overview of one of the Important laws passed of his presidential term in office. The following video will give you additional important facts, history and dates about the political events experienced by the 1st American President whose presidency spanned from April 30, 1789 to March 4, 1797.