Original members of the Black Panthers
Black Panthers Facts: Fast Fact Sheet
Fast, fun facts and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's)
about the Black Panthers.
Who were the Black Panthers? The Black Panthers
were a highly militant Black Power
organization who formed the Black Panther
Party for Self-Defense. The Black Panthers
openly brandished weapons and adhered to
strong socialist and communist ideals
believing that violent revolution was the
way to achieve the liberation of African
What year was the Black Panther Party formed?
The Black Panther Party was formed in 1966
and its original leaders was Huey P. Newton,
Bobby Seale, Elbert "Big Man" Howard,
Sherwin Forte, Reggie Forte and Little Bobby
What did the Black Panthers do?
The Black Panthers took control of their own
neighborhoods to aid and protect their
communities which included monitoring the
behavior of police officers and resisting
Facts for kids:
The Ten Point Plan
To meet their
goals the Black Panthers adopted a Ten Point Plan. The Ten Point
Plant used a mixture of references to the history of African
Americans, the U.S. Constitution, socialist and communist rhetoric,
and used the language of the Declaration of Independence. The Ten
Point Plan included:
We want freedom. We want
power to determine the destiny of our oppressed communities.
We want full employment
for our people.
We want an end to the
robbery by the capitalists of our oppressed communities.
We want decent housing,
for oppressed communities and land to be made into cooperatives
with government aid. We want payment of the overdue debt
of forty acres and two mules (in reference to the promise made,
but never kept, to freed slaves at the end of the Civil War)
We want education for our
people that teaches us our true history.
We want all black men to
be exempt from military service
We want an immediate end
to police brutality and murder of black people
We want freedom for all
black men held in federal, state, county and city prisons and
We want all black people
to be tried in court by a jury of people from their black
communities, as defined by the Constitution of the United States
(a reference to the 14th Amendment).
We want land, bread,
housing, education, clothing, justice and peace...with certain
inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the
pursuit of happiness.
Facts for kids
The following fact
sheet contains interesting facts and information on Black Panthers
Facts for kids
Facts - 1:
The Black Panther Party for self defense was part of the
Black Power movement that emerged
during the Civil Rights era of the 1960's.
2: The BPP was
established in Oakland, California, by Huey Newton and
Bobby Seale. Huey Newton took the role of Defense
Minister, Bobby Seale took the role of Chairman and
Little Bobby Hutton took the role of Treasurer. The
founding members were joined by Elbert "Big Man" Howard,
Sherwin Forte and Reggie Forte.
Facts - 3: The main revolutionary goal of the BPP was to take control and provide protection to their
neighborhoods and resist any instances of police brutality.
Facts - 4: The BPP sought social justice for African
Americans through a combination of revolutionary doctrine,
education, and community programs as stated in their Ten Point
Program which called for an end to racial oppression, black
empowerment and the control of institutions such as schools and
Facts - 5: The BPP were a highly militant, revolutionary
group who urged African Americans to arm themselves in the fight to
force whites to grant them equal rights. They advocated the famous
creed of Mao Zedong believing that "Political power comes
through the barrel of a gun."
Facts - 6: The BPP dropped "for
Self-Defense" from its name in 1967, but the group remained a
paramilitary organization who advocated black nationalist and
Marxist-Leninist doctrines and from the examples of revolutionary
movements in Africa.
Facts - 7: The BPP considered themselves the heirs of many
of the views of the much admired Malcolm X, who had been
February 21, 1965. Betty Shabazz also known as
Betty X, was the wife of Malcolm X and BPP members later
served as her security escorts.
Facts - 8: Eldredge Cleaver
(August 31, 1935 – May 1, 1998) an American
writer, and political activist joined the BPP as the
party's Minister of Information and spokesman, gaining
considerable publicity regarding the goals of the
organization in his 1967 best selling book, the 'Soul on
Facts - 9: Angela Davis, an
author, radical Civil Rights activist and educator
joined the Black Panthers as well as being a member of the Che-Lumumba Club (CRC), an all-black
branch of the Communist Party.
10: The African
American author and poet Amira Baraka, formerly known as
LeRoi Jones (October 7, 1934 – January 9, 2014),
published an anthology of protest writing by many
African American authors called Black Fire.
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Facts for kids
11: On April 1, 1967,
Denzel Dowell, a 22 year old African-American resident
of North Richmond, California, was killed by sheriff's
deputies. Denzel Dowell's family contacted the Black
Panther Party for assistance after county officials
refused to investigate the case. The Denzel Dowell
shooting led to a street rally organized by the Black
Panther Party during which 15 armed members of the BPP
led the protest. The incident helped to establish the
Black Panthers in the public spotlight.
12: The first issue of
the Black Panther Party Black Community News Service was
published on April 25, 1967 with the headline "Why Was
Denzil Dowell Killed?"
Facts - 13: The Mulford Act repealed a law
allowing public carrying of loaded firearms. On May 2, 1967, thirty
Black Panthers, dressed in black leather jackets, berets, and dark
glasses, marched bearing arms, upon the California State Capitol to
protest the bill.
Facts - 14: Huey Newton was
arrested on murder charges on October 28,1967 following
an altercation with Oakland police that resulted in the
death of one policeman and the wounding of another. His
imprisonment led to leading to "Free Huey" rallies. The
case against Huey Newton was eventually dismissed after
two retrials ended with hung juries.
Facts - 15: The Cointelpro,
FBI short for "counterintelligence program," against
Black nationalists began in 1967, with the BPP as its
main target. Edgar J Hoover, head of the FBI, called the
Black Panthers "the greatest threat to the internal
security of the country".
Facts - 16: The Southern
California chapter of the BPP was formed in 1968 by
Alprentice "Bunchy" Carter (October 12, 1942 – January
17, 1969). On January 17, 1968 Alprentice "Bunchy"
Carter and another Panther John Huggins, were shot dead
on the campus of UCLA by Kwanzaa, a rival black militant
organization, headed by Ron Karenga
17: On February 25,
1968, Berkeley police officers ransacked the home of
Bobby Seale. Bobby Seale and Artie Seale were charged
with conspiracy to commit murder but the charges were
later dropped due to lack of evidence.
Facts - 18: On March 13, 1968 Arthur (Glen) Morris became the
first member of the BPP to be killed by "agents" of the U.S.
Facts - 19: During the time that Huey
Newton was in prison, BPP members clashed with police on several
occasions and the party's treasurer, Little Bobby Hutton, was killed
during of these conflicts on April 6, 1968.
Facts - 20: By April 1968, the
Southern California chapter of the Black Panthers
attracted 50-100 new members every week. As the BPP
grew, so did the attacks against it. Little Tommy Lewis,
Steve Bartholomew, and Robert Lawrence were all killed
as were 15 other members of the BPP.
Facts - 21: The Black Power
fist salute given by John Carlos and Tommie Smith during
the medal ceremony at the 1968 Mexico Olympics shocked
and embarrassed the nation and became associated with
the Black Panthers.
22: Fred Hampton
(August 30, 1948 – December 4, 1969) was a radical
African-American Civil Rights activist and revolutionary
who became deputy chairman of the national BPP and was
considered a major threat to the FBI. Fred Hampton was
killed during a raid on December 4, 1969 by the Chicago
Police Department (CPD) and the Federal Bureau of
Facts - 23: Bobby Rush, who
had become the BPP's "minister of defense" for the
Illinois Black Panther party, called the raiding party
an "execution squad".
Facts - 24:
Support for the BBP dwindled with the terrible events
that surrounded the organization. The in-fighting
between the rival militant groups, the violence of the race riots, the
death of Martin Luther King on April 4, 1968, and the
rise of the militants and black revolutionaries
effectively ended the power of the movement by the end of
Facts for kids
Black Panthers - President Lyndon Johnson Video
The article on the Black Panthers provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following
Lyndon Johnson video will
give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 36th American President whose presidency spanned from November 22, 1963 to January 20, 1969.
Interesting Facts about Black Panthers for kids and schools
Summary of the Black Panthers in US history
The Black Panthers, a major
event in US history
Lyndon Johnson from November 22, 1963 to January 20, 1969
Fast, fun facts about the Black Panthers
Foreign & Domestic
policies of President Lyndon Johnson
● Lyndon Johnson Presidency and
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