Queen Liliuokalani

Benjamin Harrison

Definition and Summary of the Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii
Summary and Definition: Lydia Kamakaeha was born into the Hawaiian royal family on September 2, 1838. Liliuokalani married an American, John Owen Dominis, on September 16, 1862. She became Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii on January 29, 1891 and was the only Hawaiian Queen to rule in her own right. Queen Liliʻuokalani was deposed on January 17, 1893, temporarily relinquishing her throne to "the superior military forces of the United States", in the hope that her position would be restored. Her hopes were dashed and the Hawaiian Islands became the United States Territory of Hawaii with a new government that was established on February 22, 1900.

Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii - Facts and Biography for kids
Benjamin Harrison was the 23rd American President who served in office from March 4, 1889 to March 4, 1893. One of the important people who featured during his presidency was Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii. Facts are also provided on the Annexation of Hawaii.


Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii

Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii

Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii: Traditional Adoption
Liliuokalani was the daughter of high ranking Hawaiian chiefs Caesar Kapaakea and Analea Keohokalole, the third of 15 children. At her birth she became the adopted child of chiefs Laura Konia and Abner Paki. Her adoption complied with the Hawaiian tradition called "Hanai" in which children were raised in other high ranking families to strengthen ties between Hawaiian nobility.

Queen Liliuokalani: Her Brother was King Kalakaua
Her brother was elected as King Kalakuaua in 1874 and he named Liliuokalani as heir to the Hawaiian throne. She was the Crown Princess for nearly 20 years. She ascended to power in 1891 after the death of King Kalakaua.

Queen Liliuokalani for kids: Plans for a New Constitution
Queen Liliuokalani worked hard to institute a new Constitution to restore power to the monarchy and limit the voting rights to the people of Hawaii.

Queen Liliuokalani for kids: The Coup d'état
Foreign investors and businessmen were concerned the proposed changes would have a negative effect on their financial interests in the Hawaiian Islands and mounted an unofficial coup d'état (illegal seizure of government). Queen Liliuokalani was deposed on January 17, 1893.

Queen Liliuokalani Facts for kids
Interesting biography and facts about the Queen Liliuokalani are detailed below. The history and biography of Queen Liliuokalani is told in a factual sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the history and events of the life and biography of Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii.

Queen Liliuokalani Facts for kids

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 1: Hawaii had long attracted the interest of American businessmen. A treaty was made in 1849 between Hawaii and the United States, which provided for commerce and another treaty in 1875 saw increased activity in the sugar market.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 2: The highly lucrative sugar industry was almost completely in the hands of foreigners and their power in Hawaii was growing rapidly.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 3: King Kalakaua disliked the hold that foreigners had in Hawaii and joined with the Hawaiian Legislature and the native people of Hawaii in its cry of "Hawaii for the Hawaiians."

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 4: King Kalakaua, a weak and ineffectual king, was no match for the powerful foreigners. They gained additional control in 1887 and an organization called the Hawaiian League was formed.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 5: Cabinet members Lorrin A. Thurston (Interior Minister of Hawaii) and William Lowthian Green  (Minister of Finance) and supported by lawyer Sanford B. Dole these powerful men formed the 'Hawaiian League'. The The Hawaiian League was backed by the 'Honolulu Rifles', a volunteer military company composed solely Non Hawaiians

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 6: Lorrin A. Thurston the leader of the 'Hawaiian League', later adopted the title 'Committee of Safety', and planned to make Hawaii a territory of the United States.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 7: In 1890 the McKinley Tariff was passed, which raised import rates on foreign sugar. Hawaiian sugar planters were undersold in the American market and an economic depression swept the islands. The sugar growers, mostly white American businessmen, knew that if Hawaii were to be annexed by the United States, the tariff problem would disappear as Hawaii would no longer be a foreign country.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 8: The Hawaiian League forced King Kalakaua to sign a new Constitution which decreased the power of the monarchy, wealthy foreign residents in Hawaii were granted the right to vote and closer relations were established with the United States of America. This new constitution became known as the "Bayonet Constitution"

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 9: In 1891, King Kalakaua was in San Francisco to sign  a new treaty with the United States when he suddenly died. His sister, Liliuokalani, succeeded him as queen. Queen Liliuokalani ascended the throne on January 29, 1891.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 10: She shared similar views to her brother, disliked the power and influence of foreigners and resented that control had been taken away from the monarchy.


Queen Liliuokalani Facts for kids

Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii for kids: The Annexation of Hawaii
The biography of Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii and the Annexation of Hawaii provides interesting facts and important information about this important event that occured during the presidency of the 23rd President of the United States of America.

Queen Liliuokalani Facts for kids: The Annexation of Hawaii
Interesting facts about the Queen Liliuokalani and the Annexation of Hawaii are continued below.

Queen Liliuokalani Facts for kids: The Annexation of Hawaii

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 11: In January, 1893 she seized the opportunity to re-take control of Hawaii by summoning the Legislature and attempting to institute a new revised Hawaiian Constitution.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 12: The Queen's constitution proposed to restore the privileges and authority of the monarchy and remove the right to vote from the white residents of Hawaii.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 13: The radical attitude and policies of the Queen caused great alarm. She was thoroughly distrusted by the white residents who believed that, if she was not curbed, not only their financial investments but their very lives would be at risk

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 14: The American residents of Hawaii appealed for protection to the United States warship the 'Boston', which was lying in the harbor of Honolulu.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 15: The commander of the 'Boston' responded to their appeal and landed a company of marines with the assurance that no attempt would be made to interfere with their rights

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 16: The Governor of Hawaii and the queen's minister of foreign affairs strongly protested against the presence of the US Marines and threatened members of the 'Committee of Safety'

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 17: The committee’s militia joined the 162 U.S. Marines and Navy sailors and were ordered by John L. Stevens, U.S. Minister to Hawaii, to protect the Committee of Safety.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 18: The Committee of Safety led an unofficial coup d'état and established a provisional government headed by Sanford B. Dole.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 19: The monarchy was declared overthrown and Queen Liliuokalani was deposed on January 17, 1893.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 20: Although President Harrison did not sanction the coup he authorized the presence of troops in Hawaii to protect the lives and property of Americans.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 21: By 28 January, 1893 President Harrison negotiated a Treaty of Annexation. The Treaty of Annexation provided that the government of Hawaii should remain as it was, the supreme power to be vested in a commissioner of the United States, with the right to veto any of the acts of the local government. The public debt was to be assumed by the United States of America.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 22: Liliuokalani was to be pensioned at the rate of $20,000 a year.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 23: Grover Cleveland became president on March 4, 1893 and opposed the provisional government headed by Sanford B. Dole. Cleveland withdrew the annexation treaty and called for Queen Liliuokalani to be restored to power. The Committee of Safety refused to cede power in Hawaii and discussion continued for nearly one year

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 24: On February 1, 1894, the government was formally placed under the protectorate of the United States, and the American flag was hoisted over the government building by a party of US marines.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 25: The Committee of Safety realized Cleveland would not change his mind on the Annexation of Hawaii and called a Constitutional Convention on May 30, 1894. The Constitutional Convention drafted a constitution for a Republic of Hawaii.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 26: The Republic of Hawaii was proclaimed on 4 July 1894. Sanford B. Dole was proclaimed President of Hawaii, the republic's head of state and head of government.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 27: Royalists in Hawaii boycotted the republic and in 1895 began a coup against the republic. The Counter-Revolution in Hawaii was led by Robert William Wilcox and lasted just three days from January 6 to January 9, 1895

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 28: The coup by the Hawaiians failed and Queen Liliuokalani was arrested on January 16, 1895 for her alleged role in the coup. She was convicted of treason and confined to Iolani Palace and later in the Hawaiian palace known as Washington Place, .

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 29: During her confinement she composed many musical works and wrote a book called "Hawaii's Story by Hawaii's Queen".

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 30: She composed over 150 songs, including the song "Aloha Oe" which means "farewell to thee"

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 31: Whilst under house arrest, the queen agreed to formally abdicate and dissolve the monarchy, in return for her release.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 32: In 1896, the Republic of Hawaii granted her a full pardon and restored her civil rights.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 33: When William McKinley was inaugurated as president of the United States on March 4, 1897, the Republic of Hawaii resumed negotiations for annexation

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 34: In 1898, the United States annexed Hawaii

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 35: In 1910, she brought an unsuccessful lawsuit against the United States seeking compensation for the loss of the Hawaiian crown land.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 36: She lived in the Washington Place palace until her death on November 11, 1917, following a stroke.

Queen Liliuokalani Fact 37: A statue was erected in her memory on the grounds of the State Capital in Honolulu.

Queen Liliuokalani Facts for kids: The Annexation of Hawaii

Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii - President Benjamin Harrison Video
The biography of Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following Benjamin Harrison video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 23rd American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1889 to March 4, 1893.

Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii: The Annexation of Hawaii

● Interesting Facts about Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii for kids
Biography of the Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii in US history
Biography and facts about Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii
The Annexation of Hawaii
● Fast, fun, interesting facts on Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii
● Foreign & Domestic policies of President Benjamin Harrison
● Benjamin Harrison Presidency and biography of Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii for schools, homework, kids and children

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