Islamic State (IS)

 

Picture of President Barack Obama

Definition and Summary of Islamic State (IS)
Summary and Definition: The origin of the Islamic State (IS) began with the radical Islamic group Al Qaeda. Factions within Al Qaeda created the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and the "Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant" (ISIL). In 2014, ISIS and ISIL merged renaming itself the Islamic State (IS) created a caliphate and claimed absolute authority over all of the world’s Muslims. The Islamic State (IS) was disavowed by Al-Qaeda but has become one of the main jihadist groups fighting government forces in Iraq and Syria and encouraging brutal terrorist attacks around the world targeting hotels,  embassies, museums, mosques, busy city streets and other civilian targets.

Islamic State (IS)
Barack Obama is the 44th President of the United States who has served in office since January 20, 2009. One of the important events during his presidency was emergence of the radical Islamic group known as Islamic State (IS).

Islamic State (IS) Facts for kids
The following fact sheet contains interesting facts and information on Islamic State (IS) for kids.

Islamic State (IS) Facts for kids

Islamic State (IS) Facts - 1:

Followers of the radical Islamic group Al Qaeda created the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and the "Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant" (ISIL). In 2014 ISIS and ISIL merged to form the Islamic State (IS).

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 2:

Members of Al Qaeda and the Islamic State (IS) are Sunni Muslims who practice Wahhabism, an ultraconservative, extreme form of Islam, the religion of the Muslims.

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 3:

The Islamic State, like Al-Qaeda, identifies with an Islamic idealogy known as jihadism. A jihad is a holy war fought by Muslims to defend, or spread, their beliefs. Jihadists divide the world into the "realm of Islam" under Islamic Sharia rule and the "realm of war" not under Muslim rule.

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 4:

Jihadists adhere to the belief that a violent struggle or crusade against Christian 'Infidels' and any other non-believers, by groups and by individuals, is a religious duty of Muslims in order to maintain and spread their religion. Muslim followers engaged in jihad are called mujahideen.

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 5:

Jihadists believe that killing the enemy or themselves in the process is an act of martyrdom brings a special place in heaven and that the killing of Muslim bystanders or innocent civilians should not impede acts of jihad.

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 6:The term Jihadists is used to differentiate its followers from non-violent Sunni Islamists.
  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 7:

In June 2014, the Islamic State (IS) formally declared the establishment of a ‘caliphate’, a state governance in accordance with Islamic law (Sharia), by their God’s deputy on Earth (the caliph). A Caliphate is an Islamic state ruled by a single religious and political leader called the Caliph.

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 8:

IS demanded that Muslims migrated to lands under IS control, swore allegiance to the caliph Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and that all other jihadist groups across the world accepted the supreme authority of IS.

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 9:

Al-Qaeda shared a similar ideology to Islamic State but advocated a different strategy focusing on attacking the United States. The Islamic State (IS) prioritized in seizing and holding territory in the Middle East such as Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon  together with undertaking terrorist attacks on all Western nations.

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 10:

The different strategies and divisions resulted in IS being disavowed by Al-Qaeda, although some its factions and affiliations still remain closely allied.

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 11:

IS has become notorious for its violent struggle with its use of intimidation and brutality which have included mass killings, abductions and beheadings. Many of the events linked to IS are detailed the section below.

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 12:

The Islamic State (IS) is one of the main jihadist groups fighting government forces in Iraq and Syria and organizing terrorist attacks across the world.

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 13:

The Islamic State is still often referred to as ISIS or ISIL. Just to add to the confusion regarding names, the derogatory term "Daesh" is now being used to describe supporters of the Islamic State.

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 14:

The name "Daesh" is an acronym taken from the initial letters of the group's previous name in Arabic, "al-Dawla al-Islamiya fil Iraq wa al-Sham". The word "Daesh" sounds similar to an Arabic verb that means to tread underfoot, trample, or crush something which is why Islamic State (IS) supporters object to its use.

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 15:

The rise of the Islamic State has energized the jihadi movement, attracting tens of thousands of young Muslims around the globe.

  
Islamic State (IS) Facts - 16:

The Islamic State has been condemned by the United Nations (UN) for committing numerous crimes against humanity in Iraq and Syria, and is likely to remain a worldwide threat for many years to come.

Islamic State (IS) Facts for kids

 

Islamic State (IS) Facts for kids: Map of the Middle East

 

Islamic State (IS) Facts for kids
The following fact sheet continues with facts about Islamic State (IS) for kids, providing details of events associated with the organization from 2014 to 2016. For details of events before 2014 please refer to the articles on Al-Qaeda, ISIS and ISIL and the War on Terror.

Islamic State Facts for kids

Islamic State Facts2014

June 10, 2014 The taking of Mosul in Iraq allowed ISIS and ISIL to create a caliphate, rename itself the Islamic State (IS) and claim absolute authority over all Muslims.

   
Islamic State Facts2014

20 June, 2014: The United Nations (UN) announced that over 1 million Iraqis had been forced from their homes.

   
Islamic State Facts2014

June 29, 2014: ISIS announces the creation of the caliphate (Islamic state) making Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (known as Caliph Ibrahim) the self-declared authority over the world's estimated 1.5 billion Muslims. The group also announces a name change to the Islamic State (IS).

   
Islamic State Facts2014

June 30, 2014: The Pentagon announces the United States is sending an additional 300 troops to Iraq

   
Islamic State Facts2014

Islamic State (IS) called on supporters around the world to take action in retaliation for air strikes in Iraq and Syria.

   
Islamic State Facts2014

ISIL covertly invaded Syria and the Levant and began participating in the ongoing Syrian Civil War.

   
Islamic State Facts2014

August 8, 2014: The US began to reengage in Iraq with a series of air strikes aimed at ISIS in Iraq and Syria.

   
Islamic State Facts2014

August 19, 2014: A video posted on YouTube with a man speaking in British accent, dubbed 'Jihadi John', shows U.S. journalist James Foley beheaded by ISIS militants.

   
Islamic State Facts2014

September 2, 2014: ISIS release a video showing the beheading of U.S. journalist Steven Sotloff.

   
Islamic State Facts2014

September 13, 2014: ISIS release a video showing the execution of British aid worker David Haines beheading of hostage Alan Henning

   
Islamic State Facts2014September 25, 2014: Algerian ISIS militants  kidnap and behead a French tourist
   
Islamic State Facts2014October 22, 2014: Canadian parliament shootings resulting in the death of a Canadian soldier
   
Islamic State Facts2014November 16, 2014: The murder another American aid worker, Peter Kassig.
   
Islamic State Facts2014December 16, 2014: Three hostages killed at a cafe siege in Sydney, Australia
   
Islamic State Facts2015January 7, 2015: Ten journalists and two policemen killed at the Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris
   
Islamic State Facts2015January 27, 2015: Assault on Corinthia Hotel in Tripoli, Libya in which 5 foreign visitors were killed
   
Islamic State Facts2015

February 20 2015: Three simultaneous ISIS in suicide car bomb explosion kills at least 30 and injures more than 40 in Gobba, Libya.

   
Islamic State Facts2015March 18, 2015: Tunisia Museum Attack at the National Bardo Museum in Tunis killing 21 people
   
Islamic State Facts2015

June 19, 2015: The US State Department issued its annual terrorism report, declaring that ISIS was becoming a greater threat than Al Qaeda (also refer to the War in Afghanistan).

   
Islamic State Facts2015

June 26, 2015: Kuwait Shiite mosque bombing kills 27 and injures 227.

   
Islamic State Facts2015June 26, 2015: Tunisia Attack kills 38 tourists at the Imperial Marhaba Hotel in Sousse, Tunisia
   
Islamic State Facts2015

July 4, 2015: ISIS militants execute 25 captives in the Syrian city of Palmyra.

   
Islamic State Facts2015July 7, 2015: Cairo embassy explosion at the Italian Consulate in Egypt
   
Islamic State Facts2015

July 19, 2015: Iraq ice truck bombing in Khan Bani Saad kills 120

   
Islamic State Facts2015

August 2015 - ISIS destroys antiquities in the historic city of Palmyra in Syria, including the nearly 2,000-year-old Temple of Baalshami. 

   
Islamic State Facts2015

October 14, 2015: The US began deploying 300 military personnel to Cameroon to support African forces in a non-combat role in their fight against ISIS insurgency

   
Islamic State Facts2015September 24, 2015: Yemen mosque bombing. The Sana'a mosque bombings in Yemen led to the death of 142 and injury of 351 people
   
Islamic State Facts201512 Nov 2015 - British ISIS militant Jihadi John, real name is Mohammed Emwazi, is killed
   
Islamic State Facts2015November 13, 2015: Paris terror attacks in which suicide bombers hit six locations killing 129 with 352 others wounded, 99 of them critically
   
Islamic State Facts2015October 31, 2015: Russian airliner carrying 224 people brought down over Sinai
   
Islamic State Facts2016January 9, 2016: ISIS attack at the Bella Vista Resort in Hurghada, Egypt - 3 European tourists injured
   
Islamic State Facts2016January 14, 2016: Seven people killed during Jakarta attack in Indonesia.

Islamic State (IS) Facts for kids

Islamic State (IS) Facts for kids - President Barack Obama Video
The article on Islamic State (IS) provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following Barack Obama video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced during his presidency.

 

 

 

Islamic State (IS) Facts for kids
 
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