Collapse of the Soviet Union

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Definition and Summary of the Collapse of the Soviet Union
Summary and Definition: The Collapse of the Soviet Union heralded the end of the Cold War (1945 - 1991), one of the most dangerous and terrifying periods in history which, on several occasions, brought the world to the brink of nuclear war. The Collapse of the Soviet Union was brought about by the economic crisis in the USSR which led to serious shortages, the introduction of perestroika (competition in business) and
Glasnost (freedom of speech) by Mikhail Gorbachev which opened the floodgates for demonstrations and revolutions in the Eastern Bloc. Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as Soviet president on December 25, 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed and the prolonged Cold War finally came to end.

Collapse of the Soviet Union and the End of the Cold War
George H Bush was the 41st American President who served in office from January 20, 1989 to January 20, 2001. One of the important events during his presidency was the Collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cod War.

   
  

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts for kids: The End of the Cold War
The following fact sheet contains interesting facts and information on the Collapse of the Soviet Union for kids and the end of the Cold War.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts for kids: The End of the Cold War

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 1: Background History: The history of the events in Russia between 1922 and 1991 encompassed the overthrow of the Russian monarchy and establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), or the Soviet Union in December 1922 by the revolutionary leaders of the Russian Communist Party led by Vladimir Lenin.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 2: Background History: The USSR was a union between Russia and fourteen Soviet Socialist Republics consisting of Ukraine, the Russian Federation, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Belarus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan The USSR was a union of Russia and fourteen Soviet Socialist Republics consisting of Ukraine, the Russian Federation, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Belarus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 3: Background History: During the period between 1922 - 1991 the leaders of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) were Vladimir Lenin (1922-1924), Joseph Stalin (1924-1953), Nikita Khrushchev (1953-1964), Leonid Brezhnev (1964-1982), Yuri Andropov (1982-1984), Konstantin Chernenko (1984-1985) and Mikhail Gorbachev (1985-1991).

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 4: Background History: The Warsaw Pact (14 May 1955 - 1 July 1991) was a defense treaty among eight communist 'satellite states' of Eastern Europe dominated by the USSR during the Cold War. The countries were referred to as the Eastern Bloc and consisted of Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania and their location was described as being behind the "Iron Curtain".

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 5: The Cold War (1945 - 1991) was a period of "non-hostile belligerency" primarily between the United States of America and the Soviet Union. Competition between the two super powers resulted in the costly Cold War Arms Race and the Space Race.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 6: In 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev became leader of the USSR knowing that the Soviet Union was in serious trouble both economically and politically.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 7: The efforts by the Soviet Union to match the expenditure of the U.S. in the Cold War Arms Race had brought the nation to the point of bankruptcy. The USSR economy was in serious decline, agriculture and industry were stagnating, and there were serious food shortages.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 8: Soviet premier Mikhail Gorbachev realized that the USSR could not afford to continue the arms race or match the massive expenditure of "Star Wars" and needed to concentrate on resolving the economic crisis and addressing the growing political unrest in the 'Satellite Nations'.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 9: In 1989 the decline of power became obvious when Gorbachev withdrew Russian troops from Afghanistan, knowing the USSR would never be able to win the Soviet–Afghan War (1979 - 1989).

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 10: Gorbachev began to reform the Soviet system by the democratization of the Communist Party and allowing Glasnost (freedom of speech) and perestroika (competition in business).

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Collapse of Soviet Union Facts for kids: End of the Cold War

Facts about the Collapse of the Soviet Union for kids: : The End of the Cold War
The following fact sheet continues with facts about the on the Collapse of the Soviet Union for kids and the end of the Cold War.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts for kids: The End of the Cold War

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 11: The introduction of the policies of Glasnost and Perestroika inadvertently opened the floodgates for political demonstrations and protests against the restrictive Communist-led governments of the Eastern bloc.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 12: People began their struggle for independence, equality and opportunity and revolutions began to erupt in the European countries of the Eastern Bloc against the Soviet Union and its strict communist regime.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 13: The "Revolutions of 1989" witnessed the ousting of many Soviet-imposed communist regimes in Hungary, East Germany, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia and Romania.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 14: Lech Walesa representing 'Solidarity' became the first non-communist president of Poland. The harsh regime of the tyrant Nicolae Ceausescu in Romania collapsed and the non-violent "Velvet Revolution" broke out in Czechoslovakia. In East Germany mass public protests and demonstrations led to the Fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November, 1989

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 15: Mikhail Gorbachev significantly refused to authorize the use of the military force in either the Soviet Union or the satellite nations of the Eastern Bloc during the period of protests, demonstrations and revolutions.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 16: Communist hard-liners attempted to remove Mikhail Gorbachev from power and he was briefly imprisoned as the military attempted to seize control of the Russian parliament. The military coup failed but the balance of power and popular support shifted from Mikhail Gorbachev to Boris Yeltsin.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 17: Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia declared their independence from the Soviet Union. The Republic of Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine broke away from the USSR and created the Commonwealth of Independent States. Their example was followed by the remaining republics.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 18: In September 1991 the Congress of People's Deputies voted for the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union acknowledged the independence of the former Soviet republics. All the individual republics, including Russia itself, had seceded from the union.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 19: Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as Soviet president on December 25, 1991. The office of President was abolished but its functions were handed over to Boris Yeltsin.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts - 20: The Soviet Union had collapsed and the prolonged Cold War finally came to end.

Collapse of Soviet Union Facts for kids: End of the Cold War

Collapse of the Soviet Union - President George H Bush Video
The article on the Collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following George H Bush video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 41st American President whose presidency spanned from January 20, 1989 to January 20, 2001.

Collapse of the Soviet Union: End of the Cold War

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● Summary of the Collapse of the Soviet Union in US history
● Collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War
● George H Bush from January 20, 1989 to January 20, 2001
● Fast, fun facts about the Collapse of the Soviet Union
● Foreign & Domestic policies of President George H Bush
● George H Bush Presidency, the end of the Cold War and Collapse of the Soviet Union for schools, homework, kids and children

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