Pearl Harbor Timeline

 

Franklin D Roosevelt

Pearl Harbor Timeline
Interesting Pearl Harbor Timeline and facts for kids are detailed below together with details of important events leading up to and including the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor on Sunday, December 7, 1941. The history timeline of Pearl Harbor is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the relevant, significant events that lead to the bombing of the US United States Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and what happened on the infamous day in the history of the United States of America as detailed in the Pearl Harbor Timeline.

Pearl Harbor Timeline
Franklin Roosevelt was the 32nd American President who served in office from March 4, 1933 to April 12, 1945. One of the most important events during his presidency was the bombing of the US Naval fleet at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as detailed in the Pearl Harbor Timeline.

Pearl Harbor Timeline for kids
The following fact sheet contains interesting history, facts and information on the Pearl Harbor Timeline for kids.

The Pearl Harbor Timeline for kids: Timeline of Events leading to Pearl Harbor

 
Pearl Harbor Timeline1931

The Japanese military began to take control from the civilian government and establish a military government beginning the rise of Japanese Militarism and the policy of aggressive expansion

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1931

September: The Japanese, led by General Tojo, invaded the resource-rich province of Manchuria in Northern China. The British and the United States support China against the actions of the Japanese.

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1932Japan completes it's occupation of Manchuria
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1933Japan announced that it was withdrawing from the League of Nations
 

 

 
Pearl Harbor Timeline1937

Japan attacks China marking the beginning of total war between China, under Chiang Kai-shek, and Japan in the Second Sino-Japanese War.

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1937

December: The USS Panay gunboat was sunk by Japanese aircraft in the Yangtze River outside Nanking on 12 December 1937

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1938

Congress pass the 1938 Naval Act on May 17, 1938. The legislation "mandated a 20% increase in strength of the United States Navy" in order to triple the size of the US naval fleet by 1944.

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1938The Japanese declares its policy to establish a "new order in East Asia"
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1939

July 26, 1939: US Secretary of State, Cordell Hull gives formal notice for termination of the 1911 Treaty of Commerce and Navigation with Japan in retaliation for its colonization of China

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1939September 3, 1939: WW2 broke out as Britain and France declared war on Germany
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1939September 5, 1939: The United States declares its neutrality in WW2
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1940

The Japanese begin to fortify the Marshall Islands located between Hawaii and the Philippines posing a significant threat to American, British and Dutch colonial possessions

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1940

June: FDR orders the US Pacific Fleet to move its main Pacific base from California to Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands as a deterrent to Japanese aggression

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1940

July 1940: US Congress passed the Export Control Act limiting exports to Imperial Japan. The embargo halted the shipment of items including airplanes, machine tools and parts and aviation gasoline.

 

 

 
Pearl Harbor Timeline1940September 1940: The Tripartite Pact was signed forming the Axis powers of Germany, Italy, and Japan
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1941April 1941: President Roosevelt extends lend-lease aid to China for their war against the Japanese (refer to the Lend-Lease Act )
 

 

 
Pearl Harbor Timeline1941July 1941: Japan invades and occupies Vietnam in Southern Indochina.
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1941July 1941: General Douglas MacArthur was  sent to the Philippines to build up American defenses
 

 

 
Pearl Harbor Timeline1941July 26, 1941: The US freeze Japanese assets and Japanese bank accounts in America
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1941August 1, 1941: The US place an embargo on crucial oil shipments to Japan
 

 

 
Pearl Harbor Timeline1941

November 3, 1941: The Japanese military present a plan for the attack on Pearl Harbor to Emperor Hirohito which he approved at the Imperial Conference on November 5, 1941 providing a diplomatic settlement with the US was not achieved

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1941

November, 1941: Negotiations with the US failed and the Japanese government made the decision to launch a surprise air attack on the United States Pacific Fleet at its Pearl Harbor base

 

 

 
Pearl Harbor Timeline1941Saturday, December 6: President Roosevelt makes an appeal for peace to avoid War in the Pacific with Emperor Hirohito - there was no reply.
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1941

Saturday, December 6: The U.S. code-breaking service deciphers part of Japanese message believing a Japanese attack somewhere in Southeast Asia is imminent. The U.S. War Department sends out a warning but delays prevent the alert being received before the Japanese attack

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline1941On Sunday morning on 7 December 1941 the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor.
  

Continued...

The Pearl Harbor Timeline for kids: Timeline of Events leading to Pearl Harbor

 

Japanese film of Pearl Harbor Dec.7, 1941

Japanese film of Pearl Harbor Dec.7, 1941

 

Facts about the Pearl Harbor Timeline for kids: What happened during the attack?
Admiral Husband E. Kimmel was in command of the U.S. Pacific Fleet in Hawaii and together with Lt. Gen.Walter C. Short, commanding general of the Hawaiian Department, prepared for the defense of the Hawaiian islands. On Sunday morning on 7 December 1941 the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor. Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu. The following fact sheet contains and hour by hour Pearl Harbor Timeline for kids.

The Pearl Harbor Timeline for kids: Timeline of Attack on Pearl Harbor - 7 December 1941

 
Pearl Harbor Timeline05.00am

The Japanese attack force, consisting of six Aircraft Carriers with 423 planes, under the command of Admiral Nagumo, prepare to attack the US base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline06.00am

The first attack wave of 183 warplanes, consisting of 51 dive bombers, 40 torpedo bombers, 50 high level bombers and 43 fighters, led by Comdr. Mitsuo Fuchida prepared to take off from Japanese aircraft carriers located 230 miles north of Oahu heading for the U.S. Pacific Naval Fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Japanese submarines launched torpedoes at the battleships.

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline06.45amThe USS Ward sinks a Japanese midget submarine outside the entrance of Pearl Harbor.
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline06.53am

The USS Ward sends a message to Naval Headquarters, at Pearl Harbor stating "We have attacked, fired upon, and dropped depth charges upon submarine operating in defensive sea area."

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline07.02am

Opama Radar Station on Oahu picks up flight of unidentified planes bearing in 132 miles north of Oahu. The information center at Fort Shafter assumes that the flight is a group of twelve expected American B 17 Flying Fortresses traveling from California to the Philippines via Hawaii.

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline07.15am

The message from the USS Ward is encoded and eventually makes its way to Adm. Kimmel who decides to "wait for verification of the report" because there had been so many recent "false reports of submarines".

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline07.15amThe Japanese launch their second wave of 168 aircraft
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline07.49am

Comdr. Mitsuo Fuchida issued the first wave Japanese attack order by exclaiming the codeword "Tora! Tora! Tora!", literally meaning "Tiger! Tiger! Tiger!" indicating that they had surprised the enemy with a lightning attack

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline07.55am

The first wave of Japanese aircraft begin the attack that includes the US warships in Pearl Harbor and the air stations at Hickam, Wheeler, Ford Island, Kaneohe and Ewa Field.

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline07.55am

Comdr. Logan C. Ramsey orders telegraph operators to transmit an uncoded message to every base and ship. The message read AIR RAID ON PEARL HARBOR X THIS IS NOT DRILL

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline08.00am

The expected American B 17 bombers were unarmed and unaware of the Japanese attack. They could only dodge Japanese fighter planes and U.S. anti-aircraft gunfire as they prepared to land at Oahu.

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline08.00am

There were 100 ships in Pearl Harbor but the primary targets of the Japanese were the 8 battleships anchored there. Seven battleships were moored on Battleship Row along the southeast shore of Ford Island and the USS Pennsylvania was in dry dock across the channel.

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline08.10am

The attacks on the 8 battleships began:

  • The USS Arizona was struck by a torpedo, killing 1,177 aboard

  • The USS Oklahoma was hit by five torpedoes and turned turtle. 429 men died

  • The USS West Virginia was hit by two bombs and seven torpedoes. 106 died

  • The USS California was hit by two bombs and two torpedoes.100 died

  • The USS Nevada was hit by six bombs and one torpedo. 60 died

  • The USS Tennessee was hit by two bombs. 5 died

  • The USS Maryland was hit by two bombs. 4 died

  • The USS Pennsylvania (Kimmel's flagship) was in dry dock and hit by one bomb. 9 died

  • All but the Arizona, Utah, and Oklahoma were repaired and sailed again

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline08.10amPresident Franklin D. Roosevelt learns about the attack on Pearl Harbor
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline08.17amThe destroyer USS Helm emerged from the channel and engaged a Japanese mini submarine
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline08.35amThe first wave of attacks on Pearl Harbor end
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline08.39amThe destroyer USS Monaghan engaged and sunk a second Japanese mini submarine
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline08.54am

The second wave of Japanese aircraft begins, consisting of 35 fighters, 78 dive-bombers, and 54 high-altitude bombers targets other ships and shipyard facilities.

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline09.30amThe destroyer USS Shaw is destroyed
   
Pearl Harbor Timeline10.00am

The victorious Japanese attack force returned to the Japanese fleet. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor resulted in the loss of 29 planes and a handful of midget submarines

   
Pearl Harbor Timeline10.00amThe attack took a terrible toll on the US Pacific fleet
  • 21 of the 96 ships at anchor were destroyed and many were severely damaged
  • Of the 394 planes at the Hickam, Wheeler, and Bellows airfields, 188 were destroyed and 159 were damaged
  • The death total was 2,403 (including 68 civilians) and the number of wounded total was 1,178

Timeline of Attack on Pearl Harbor - 7 December 1941

Facts about Pearl Harbor Timeline for kids:
For visitors interested in the history of Pearl Harbor refer to the following articles:

Pearl Harbor Timeline for kids - President Franklin Roosevelt Video
The article on the Pearl Harbor Timeline provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following Franklin Roosevelt video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 32nd American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1933 to April 12, 1945.

 

 

 

Pearl Harbor Timeline
 
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Pearl Harbor Timeline of important, key events
Franklin Roosevelt Presidency from March 4, 1933 to April 12, 1945
Fast, fun facts via the Pearl Harbor Timeline
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Franklin Roosevelt Presidency and the Pearl Harbor Timeline for schools, homework, kids and children

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