New Deal Programs

 

Franklin D Roosevelt

Definition and Summary of the FDR New Deal Programs
Summary and Definition: The FDR New Deal Programs were a series of measures that aimed at achieving Relief, Recovery and Reform to combat the effects of the Great Depression. When Franklin D. Roosevelt assumed the presidency on March 4, 1933 more 12 million Americans were unemployed (25% of the population) and over 1 million were destitute and had been made homeless. The diverse list of FDR New Deal Programs provides an insight into the various problems that had to be addressed to counter the devastating effects of the Great Depression together with the series of droughts which had led to the Dust Bowl and the plight of American farmers. Various laws were passed which enabled the establishment of relief programs and 'alphabet soup agencies' to be established such as the AAA, CCC, PWA, TVA, SEC, FCS and the FERA.

New Deal Programs
Franklin D Roosevelt was the 32nd American President who served in office from March 4, 1933 to April 12, 1945. One of the important events during his presidency was the establishment of the New Deal Programs.

FDR New Deal Programs Facts: Fast Fact Sheet
Fast, fun facts and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's) about the FDR New Deal Programs.
 

What were the New Deal Programs? The FDR New Deal Programs were established to provide immediate action, temporary measures or permanent reforms to alleviate the effects of the Great Depression.

 

What were the New Deal Programs? The majority of the New Deal Programs are detailed in this article, a fast overview can be obtained from the opposite list.

 

What problems did the FDR New Deal Programs address? The FDR New Deal Programs addressed:

  • Immediate relief for the unemployed and the homeless
  • The regulation of the banks and the stock market
  • Providing debt relief
  • Addressing the management of farms with New Deal programs to tackle the consequences of the Dust Bowl that had destroyed over 100 million acres of farming land
  • Aiding industrial recovery
  • Initiating numerous public works construction projects to provide jobs for the unemployed

FDR New Deal Programs: Chart and Timeline

New Deal Programs: President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal Program
The FDR New Deal Programs were initiated between 1933 and 1938. The first New Deal Programs were established as soon as President Roosevelt assumed office and these immediate measures are referred to as the First Hundred Days (March 9,1933 and June 16, 1933) or the First New Deal. The next series of New Deal Programs were called the Second New Deal. All of the actions, measures, reforms and programs became collectively known as Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal.

New Deal Programs Facts for kids: The First New Deal (1933 - 1935) and the Second New Deal
The following fact sheet contains interesting facts and information on FDR New Deal Programs. The First New Deal (1933 - 1935) established laws to regulate. the banks, the stock market and brokers. Federal government agencies were established incorporating the
strategy of Relief, Recovery and Reform to bring about Industrial and agricultural recovery. The Second New Deal was launched in 1935 bringing in new legislation and federal agencies to speed up the nation's economic recovery.

List of New Deal Programs: Chart and Timeline for kids
An overview and list of New Deal Programs and acronyms are detailed in the following chart and timeline of the 'alphabet soup agencies:

List of New Deal Programs: Chart and Timeline

 Timeline AcronymsTitle
 1933EBAEmergency Banking Act
 1933CCCCivilian Conservation Corps
 1933TVATennessee Valley Authority
 1933AAAAgricultural Adjustment Administration
 1933FERAFederal Emergency Relief Administration
 1933NRANational Recovery Administration
 1933FDICFederal Deposit Insurance Corporation
 1933PWAPublic Works Administration
 1933CWACivil Works Administration
 1933FAAFederal Aviation Administration
 1933HOLC Home Owners Loan Corporation
 1934FCCFarm Credit Administration
 1934FHAFederal Housing Administration
 1934NLRBNational Labor Relations Board (Wagner Act)
 1934SECSecurities Exchange Commission
 1935NYANational Youth Administration
 1935SSASocial Security Administration
 1935FSAFarm Security Administration
 1935DRSDrought Relief Service
 1935RAResettlement Administration
 1935REARural Electrification Administration
 1938USHAUnited States Housing Authority
 1939FWAFederal Works Agency

List of New Deal Programs: Chart and Timeline

New Deal Programs Facts for kids
The following fact sheet contains interesting facts and information on FDR New Deal Programs. The First New Deal (1933 - 1935) established laws to regulate. the banks, the stock market and brokers and government agencies were established  

Facts about the FDR New Deal Programs for kids

 
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 1:

FDR temporarily closed all banks and passed the Emergency Banking Relief Act on March 9, 1933 to address the banking crisis by regulating the banks

  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 2:

On April 5, 1933 Congress passed the Emergency Conservation Work (ECW) Act that established the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). The CCC immediately provided work for 250,000 young unmarried men (18-25) in re-forestation, developing national parks and  road construction.

  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 3:On May 18, 1933 Congress established the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) provided aid for the economic development in the Tennessee Valley and was one of the major New Deal programs. The role of the TVA was construct dams and power plants along the Tennessee Valley. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) went on to build 20 dams to control flooding, generate hydroelectric power and increase agricultural production
  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 4:

On June 16, 1933 Congress passed the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) which was a law that authorized the President to regulate industry in an attempt to raise prices to stimulate economic recovery and established the National Recovery Administration (NRA) The National Recovery Administration (NRA) was created to stimulate competition and implementing various codes to establish fair trade. Companies who cooperated received the blue eagle "seal of approval."

  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 5:

The Public Works Administration (PWA) was created by the NIRA awarding construction contracts for large scale public works projects such as building bridges, dams, irrigation systems, sewers, highways and airports.

 

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Facts about the FDR New Deal Programs for kids

 

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Facts about the FDR New Deal Programs for kids
The following fact sheet continues with facts about FDR New Deal Programs

Facts about the FDR New Deal Programs for kids

 
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 6:

On May 12, 1933 the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) provided immediate relief to farmers as it cut crop and livestock surplus to raise prices. It was one of the most contentious of the New Deal Programs. The Supreme Court declared that the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) was unconstitutional and it was replaced with the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act on February 29, 1936) that allowed the federal government to pay farmers to reduce production so as to "conserve soil" and prevent erosion.

  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 7:

The June 1933 Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) restored confidence in the banks and insured bank customers against the loss of up to $5,000 of their deposits if their bank should collapse.

  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 8:

The May 1933 Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) helped to support nearly 5 million households each month and provided literacy classes and vaccinations for millions of poverty stricken Americans.

  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 9:

The short-lived Civil Works Administration (CWA), established by FERA in November 1933, lasted only a few months, but provided public works construction jobs for more than 4 million people.

  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 10:

The Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) was a government agency established in 1933 to help stabilize real estate that had depreciated and to refinance mortgage debt. The HOLC ceased its mortgage lending activities in June, 1936, by the terms of the Home Owners' Loan Act.

  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 11:

The 1934 Federal Housing Administration (FHA) was created to stimulate the building industry by providing small loans for home construction.

  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 12:

The 1934 Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) was established to protect investors from stock market fraud and deception

  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 13:

In April 1935 the Works Progress Administration (WPA) government agency was established providing light construction jobs for millions of unskilled workers

  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 14:

The 1935 Wagner Act created the National Labor Relations Board (NLRA) to protect the rights or organized labor and to organize and collective bargaining with employers.

  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 15:The 1935 Social Security Act and the Social Security Administration (SSA) was one of the most important, and expensive New Deal programs. It established a national pension fund, an unemployment insurance system, and a public assistance program for dependent mothers & the disabled people.
  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 16:

The 1936 Rural Electrification Administration (REA) was established to supply electricity to rural communities. This Second New Deal program resulted in 98% of American farms being equipped with electric power

  
FDR New Deal Programs Fact 17:

The purpose of the 1937 Farm Security Administration (FSA) was to aid sharecroppers and set up temporary housing for Dust Bowl refugees who had migrated to California

  

Facts about the FDR New Deal Programs for kids

Facts about FDR New Deal Programs: What New Deal Programs were Unconstitutional?
The New Deal Programs declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court were the 1933 National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) and the 1933 the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA). Small business owners felt disadvantaged by big big business who had played a major role in drafting the NRA's production codes. The AAA New Deal program had a negative effect on tenant farmers in the south, many of whom were displaced.

Facts about FDR New Deal Programs: What New Deal Programs are still in effect today?
The New Deal Programs that are still in effect today include the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC), the Social Security Board (SSB), Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

Facts about FDR New Deal Programs: The Great Depression for kids
For visitors interested in the history of the Great Depression refer to the following articles:

FDR New Deal Programs - President Franklin Roosevelt Video
The article on the FDR New Deal Programs provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following Franklin Roosevelt video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 32nd American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1933 to April 12, 1945.

 

 

 

FDR New Deal Programs
 
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