Atlantic Charter

Franklin D Roosevelt

Definition and Summary of the Atlantic Charter
Summary and Definition: The Atlantic Charter was the result of the Atlantic Conference, an historic meeting between President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The top secret Atlantic Conference took place between August 9-12, 1941, aboard American and and British warships in which the general strategy of the war against the Axis Powers of Germany, Italy and Japan were discussed. The Atlantic Charter was issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill on August 14, 1941 and detailed the common principles of the national policies of Great Britain and the United States and their hopes for a better future for the world. The Atlantic Charter was later used to form the basis of the United Nations Charter.

Atlantic Charter
Franklin D Roosevelt was the 32nd American President who served in office from March 4, 1933 to April 12, 1945. One of the important events during his presidency was the Atlantic Charter.

   
  

Atlantic Charter Facts for kids
The following fact sheet contains interesting facts and information on Atlantic Charter for kids.

Facts about the Atlantic Charter for kids

Atlantic Charter Fact 1: The Lend-Lease Act was passed on March 11, 1941 removing the cash requirement of the Neutrality Acts allowing the British continued access to American arms, munitions and supplies despite their rapidly deteriorating financial situation as a result of the British war effort.

Atlantic Charter Fact 2: The British had declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939 following the invasion of Poland and the British Battle of the Atlantic was in full swing.

Atlantic Charter Fact 3: The US was still technically neutral so FDR was unable to order the US Navy to protect the British cargo ships. He therefore declared the western half of the Atlantic as neutral and ordered the US Navy to patrol what he called the 'Hemispheric Defense Zone' and then report the location of German U-Boat submarines to the British.

Atlantic Charter Fact 4: President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met face to face in great secrecy between August 9-12, 1941 on board the U.S. cruiser USS Augusta and the British cruiser HMS Prince of Wales anchored near Newfoundland.

Atlantic Charter Fact 5: The series of meetings were referred to as the Atlantic Conference when the two great leaders, and their staff, discussed the general strategy of the war that was being fought against the Axis Powers of Germany, Italy and Japan and their ideas for world peace in the future.

Atlantic Charter Fact 6: The result of the meetings was the text of the Atlantic Charter.

Atlantic Charter Fact 7: The Atlantic Charter was a joint proclamation issued by President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill on August 14, 1941 detailing the common principles of the national policies of Britain and the US and their hopes for a better future for the world.

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Facts about the Atlantic Charter for kids

Facts about the Atlantic Charter for kids
The following fact sheet continues with facts about Atlantic Charter for kids.

Facts about the Atlantic Charter for kids

Atlantic Charter Fact 8: The Atlantic Charter was not an official document, but rather a joint statement expressing the war aims of the two countries - one technically neutral and the other at war.

Atlantic Charter Fact 9: The agreed aim of the two countries was to "ensure life, liberty, independence and religious freedom and to preserve the rights of man and justice."

Atlantic Charter Fact 10: The two leaders discussed the dangers to democracy arising from the aggressive and expansionist policies of the Totalitarian governments through military domination by conquest and the rise of Fascism and Nazism.

Atlantic Charter Fact 11: The Atlantic Charter committed FDR and Churchill to the principles of democracy and asserted their intentions not to increase the power, wealth and prestige of their respective countries.

Atlantic Charter Fact 12: They agreed to non aggression and to oppose expansionism by conquest from those who sought territorial changes and power over oppressed people

Atlantic Charter Fact 13: FDR and Churchill agreed to a post war world of democracy and to respect the right of all people to choose the form of government in their country

Atlantic Charter Fact 14: They agreed to the principles of free international trade with access to the raw materials needed for economic advancement with improved labor standards and social security.

Atlantic Charter Fact 15: FDR and Churchill agreed to the destruction of the Nazi tyranny and a world in which people could live in freedom from fear

Atlantic Charter Fact 16: They asserted their belief in the freedom of the seas and to adopt the policies of disarmament of nations who threatened other countries.

Atlantic Charter Fact 17: The joint declaration was issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill on August 14, 1941 and is often cited by historians as one of the first significant steps towards the formation of the United Nations.

Facts about the Atlantic Charter for kids

Events that followed the Atlantic Conference
On 4 September, 1941, less than 3 weeks after the Atlantic Conference and three months before the United States officially entered World War II, the USS Greer became the first US Navy ship to be fired on by a German U-Boat. On October 31, 1941 the U.S.S. Reuben James was the first United States warship to be sunk during World War II and resulted in the loss of 115 of 160 American crewmen. The incidents in the Atlantic moved America nearer to outright involvement in the European war. Refer to the USS Greer, Kearny and Reuben James and the Timeline of Events leading up to WW2.

Atlantic Charter for kids - President Franklin Roosevelt Video
The article on the Atlantic Charter provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following Franklin Roosevelt video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 32nd American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1933 to April 12, 1945.

Atlantic Charter

● Interesting Facts about Atlantic Charter for kids and schools
● Summary of the Conference and Charter in US history
● Atlantic Charter of important, key events
● Franklin Roosevelt Presidency from March 4, 1933 to April 12, 1945
● Fast, fun facts about the Atlantic Charter
● Foreign & Domestic policies of President Franklin Roosevelt
● Franklin Roosevelt Presidency and Atlantic Charter for schools, homework, kids and children

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