Washington Monument


Chester Arthur

Definition and Summary of the Washington Monument
Summary and Definition: The 555 feet tall Washington Monument is the nation’s foremost memorial to George Washington, the first president of the United States.  The Washington Monument is an obelisk on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. The obelisk was designed by Robert Mills and constructed between 1848 and 1884 and opened to the public in 1888. This article contains interesting facts about one of the most famous landmarks in the United States of America.

Washington Monument for kids
Chester Arthur was the 21st American President who served in office from September 19, 1881 to March 4, 1885. One of the important events during his presidency was the dedication of the Washington Monument on February 21, 1885.

Fast Facts about the Washington Monument
Fast, fun facts for kids about the Washington Monument:

Location: 2 15th St NW, Washington, DC 20007, United States
How tall? Height is 555 feet 5 1/8 inches (169.29 meters)
How old? It was built 1848 - 1884
When dedicated? It was dedicated on February 21, 1885
What does it weigh? It weighs 90,854 tons
Admission? Free. Open every day but July 4 and December 25
What was the Cost? The cost was $1,187,710
Date it was opened to the public: October 9, 1888
Name of the Designer: Robert Mills

The Washington Monument

The Washington Monument

Washington Monument Fact Sheet
Interesting, fun Washington Monument Facts for kids are detailed below. The history of the building of the Washington Monument is told in a factual sequence consisting of a series of unusual short facts providing a simple method of relating the famous people and events and the construction of this famous American landmark


Washington Monument Fun Facts for kids

Washington Monument Fact 1:The 555 foot tall obelisk is the tallest building in the District of Columbia and by law, no other building in Washington D.C. is allowed to be taller.
Washington Monument Fact 2:It is open from 9:00 am to 10:00 pm during the summer months and from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm for the rest of the year
Washington Monument Fact 3:Construction work stopped half way due to lack of funds
Washington Monument Fact 4:Inside the Washington Monument are an elevator and a 897-step stairway.
Washington Monument Fact 5:The outer walls are made of white marble blocks from Maryland and Massachusetts. The obelisk is also made of granite, and sandstone
Washington Monument Fact 6:The interior walls contain 193 memorial stones installed on its east and west interior walls. The memorial stones start at the 30-foot level and continue to the 450-foot level
Washington Monument Fact 7:In 1853, Congress appropriated $50,000 for the erection of an equestrian statue of George Washington by Clark Mills. The statue was made and was placed in the rotunda in 1841, but subsequently removed into the east park of the Capitol
Washington Monument Fact 8:The words "Laus Deo" are inscribed on the aluminum capstone. The words "Laus Deo" comes from the old Latin Mass meaning "Praise be to God!"
Washington Monument Fact 9:Two other inscriptions are "4th July, 1776. Declaration of Independence of the United States of America" and "4th July, 1848. This Corner-Stone Laid of a Monument, by the People of the United States, to the Memory of George Washington."
Washington Monument Fact 10:The walls at the base are 15 feet thick. The Width at base is 55 feet 1 1/2 inches
Washington Monument Fact 11:Views from the top of the structure are in excess of 30 miles
Washington Monument Fact 12:Lightning rods at the top protect the structure from lightning strikes
Washington Monument Fact 13:The total area covered by the monument is 106.01 acres
Washington Monument Fact 14:The obelisk is constructed of white marble ashlar blocks
Washington Monument Fact 15:The Sylvan Theatre was built in 1917 as a natural outdoor theater
Washington Monument Fact 16:The Lodge structure was originally built in 1888 to serve as a waiting room, comfort station, and visitor services station
Washington Monument Fact 17:The Granite Plaza at the base  is a large circular Plaza with two concentric rings; the first ring has a diameter of 147 feet and the second ring is 240 feet in diameter.
Washington Monument Fact 18:The obelisk rests on an artificially constructed knoll that was designed to hide the original foundation and to provide additional stability to the soil underpinning it
Washington Monument Fact 19:The ride on the steam elevator took 20 minutes, the modern elevator takes under 1 minute
Washington Monument Fact 20:Significance: It is the world's tallest stone structure and the world's tallest obelisk

Washington Monument Fun Facts for kids

Washington Monument
The info about the opening of the Washington Monument provides interesting facts and important information about this important event that occured during the presidency of the 21st President of the United States of America.



Washington Monument Timeline for kids: Timeline and Fact Sheet
The history timeline of the Washington Monument is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of short facts and dates providing a simple method of relating the history and construction of the Washington Monument.


Washington Monument Timeline Facts for kids

Washington Monument Timeline:1732George Washington was born in Virginia on February 22, 1732
Washington Monument Timeline:1791Major Pierre Charles L‘Enfant submitted the plan for the City of Washington within the District of Columbia
Washington Monument Timeline:1799George Washington died on December 14, 1799. During his life he was the military leader during the War of Independence, saw the establishment of the Constitution and became the first President of the United States of America
Washington Monument Timeline:1833The Washington Monument National Monument Society, led by Chief Justice John Marshall, was formed to raise funds for a memorial dedicated to the first president
Washington Monument Timeline:1845The Society initiated a competition for the design of the memorial and formed a design selection committee that in chose a design by Robert Mills.
Washington Monument Timeline:1845The Robert Mills Design: His design consisted of a of a 600-foot-tall, flat-topped obelisk surrounded by a colonnaded rotunda with statues of 30 signers of the Declaration of Independence and featured a sculpture  portraying George Washington driving a chariot
Washington Monument Timeline:1848Construction began on a simplified version of the design after President James Polk had made available 37 acres of land along the Potomac in the District of Columbia. The cornerstone was laid on July 4, 1848.
Washington Monument Timeline:1848The simplified design reduced the size to 500 feet with a series of massive steps leading to the pantheon. The bluestone gneiss foundation was completed in the first year of construction
Washington Monument Timeline:1854The walls of the shaft had reached 152 feet above the foundation under the direction of Superintendent William Daugherty. The construction had cost $230,000 and funds ran out so the building work had to be halted
Washington Monument Timeline:1861The Civil War broke out and the nation turned its attention to the bloody, bitter conflict. The grounds surrounding the construction were used as a cattle yard for Union troops.
Washington Monument Timeline:1865The end of the Civil War and the nation entered the period of reconstruction. Fundraising attempts failed during this turbulent time and the grounds were left as a wasteland
Washington Monument Timeline:1872The District Board of Public Works together with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers took control of the construction project building gravel roads on the grounds and reclaiming the waste land.
Washington Monument Timeline:1876This was the year of the American Centennial to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence.  It was the first official World's Fair in the United States and public interest stirred patriots in the country and Congress authorized public funds of $200,000 to continue the project, headed by Lt. Col. Thomas Casey.
Washington Monument Timeline:1877Members of the society agreed to abandon the colonnade idea and alter the obelisk so it conformed to classic Egyptian proportions.
Washington Monument Timeline:1877Lt. Col. Thomas Casey, working to the new classic obelisk design, had to design and build massive concrete footings under the original foundations with concrete buttresses to tie them together. It was a remarkable feat of engineering.
Washington Monument Timeline:1878Thomas Casey then worked with George Marsh the U.S. Ambassador to Italy, to develop a design to create a simple, undecorated obelisk of 500 feet topped by a steeply pitched pyramidion (the uppermost piece, or capstone, of an Egyptian pyramid)
Washington Monument Timeline:1880An interior iron structure was installed consisting of eight iron columns to support a steam powered elevator and 898 stairs
Washington Monument Timeline:1884The construction of the obelisk was completed. The lightening rod and aluminum pyramidion (capstone) was put in place on December 6, 1884
Washington Monument Timeline:1885The Washington Monument was dedicated on February 21, 1885
Washington Monument Timeline:1886Presentation blocks were set in the interior walls, the elevator was installed and the wooden steps were replaced with iron steps
Washington Monument Timeline:1888It was opened to the public on October 9, 1888
Washington Monument Timeline:1901The National Mall was the centerpiece of the McMillan Plan. In the McMillan plan granite and marble terraces and arcades around the base of the Washington Monument.
Washington Monument Timeline:1901The steam-powered elevator was replaced with an electric-powered one
Washington Monument Timeline:1933The National Park Service was given jurisdiction over the national landmark
Washington Monument Timeline:1934Restoration work began on the structure in a public works project
Washington Monument Timeline:1958The base was ringed by an array of permanent flagpoles flying the American flag
Washington Monument Timeline:1964Additional restoration work was undertaken on the structure
Washington Monument Timeline:1998More restoration work saw the addition of a completely new and modern elevator
Washington Monument Timeline:2001A visitor screening facility was added following the terrorist attacks on Washington and New York of September 11, 2001
Washington Monument Timeline:2011An earthquake hit Washington D.C. but the obelisk stood the shock

Washington Monument Timeline Facts for kids

Washington Monument Facts for Kids
Newspapers containing articles about General Washington, or the erection of the National Monument to his memory, were included in the cornerstone of the obelisk. Many articles and copies of important documents are deposited in the recess of the cornerstone that include:

The Holy BibleConstitution of the United StatesDeclaration of IndependencePortrait of Washington
The Statesman's ManualMap of the City of Washington1840 United States CensusAll coins of the United States
American Silk FlagG. Washington's Coat of ArmsMorse's North American AtlasAn American Dollar
1832 American State PapersAmerican Navigators LogLetters of John Quincy Adams1845 Astronomical Observations

Washington Monument for kids - President Chester Arthur Video
The article on the Washington Monument provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following Chester Arthur video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 21st American President whose presidency spanned from September 19, 1881 to March 4, 1885.




Washington Monument
Interesting Facts about Washington Monument for kids and schools
Construction of the National Monument
The Washington Monument, a major event in US history
Chester Arthur Presidency September 19, 1881 to March 4, 1885
Fast, fun, interesting facts about the Obelisk and National Monument
Foreign & Domestic policies of President Chester Arthur
Chester Arthur Presidency and facts about the Washington Monument for schools, homework, kids and children

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