Spanish-American War

 

William McKinley

Definition and Summary of the Spanish-American War
Summary and Definition: The Spanish-American War lasted for just over three and a half month conflict between Spain and the United States from April 25, 1898 – August 12, 1898. The Spanish-American War was caused by the strict Spanish policies in Cuba resulting in the struggle for Cuban independence from Spain which led to U.S. intervention in Cuba. The Spanish-American War was a victory for the United States and fought in the Caribbean islands of Cuba and Puerto Rico and the western pacific islands of the Philippines and Guam. The conflict was resolved by the 1898 Treaty of Paris which allowed temporary American control of Cuba and ceded indefinite colonial authority over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippine islands from Spain.

Spanish-American War for kids
William McKinley was the 25th American President who served in office from March 4, 1897 to September 14, 1901. One of the important events during his presidency was the Spanish-American War.

Spanish-American War for kids: Background History
The acquisition of island of Spanish owned Cuba, only ninety miles off the shore from Florida, had long been a goal of expansionists in the United States. The Spanish victory over Cuba in the Ten Years War (1868–1878) foreshadowed the Cuban rebellion that erupted between 1894-1898. During the Cuban rebellion Spain sent over an army to subdue the rebels and many Americans were highly  sympathetic to the Cuban cause.

Spanish-American War for kids: American Public Opinion
American public opinion was fuelled by anti-Spanish propaganda led by journalists such as William Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer who used sensationalist 'yellow journalism' to emphasize the cause of the 'underdog' against the system and criticize Spanish administration of Cuba.

McKinley War Cabinet - Spanish-American War

McKinley War Cabinet - Spanish-American War

Spanish-American War for kids: President McKinley
Republican President William McKinley, wished to prevent war, and hoping to settle the Cuban question by peaceful diplomacy, proposed an armistice in Cuba. However, a series of incidents during the first months of 1898 intensified American feelings against Spain, the most important being the sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine. These events, together with pressure applied by the public, the newspapers and the Democrats led to the Spanish-American War. The United States first sent the ultimatum to Spain demanding the Spanish surrender control of Cuba. Madrid responded by declaring war on America and Washington in turn declared war on Spain. The Spanish-American War began on April 25, 1898. In less than four months it ended in victory for the United States on August 12, 1898.

Causes of the Spanish-American War
The causes of the Spanish-American War were as follows:

  

Causes of the Spanish-American War

  
Spanish-American War CausesDemands by Cuban patriots for independence from Spanish rule
  
Spanish-American War CausesThe establishment of the 'reconcentrado' policy (concentration camp system) by the Spanish in Cuba
  
Spanish-American War CausesAmerican investments in Cuba, especially shipping and the sugar trade,  suffered during the Cuban rebellion
  
Spanish-American War CausesWilliam Randolph Hearst's Publication of the stolen letter (de Lôme letter), written by the Spanish minister in Washington, which insulted the President
  
Spanish-American War CausesAnti-Spanish Public opinion, fuelled by sensationalist journalism
  
Spanish-American War CausesThe influence of the American policy of Expansionism and the strong dislike of old Imperialism

Spanish-American War for kids
The info about the Spanish-American War provides interesting facts and important information about this important event that occured during the presidency of the 25th President of the United States of America.

 

Presidential Seal

 

Facts about the Spanish-American War: Facts and Timeline for kids
Interesting Spanish-American War Facts and Timeline for kids are detailed below. The history of the Spanish-American War is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of interesting, short facts providing a simple method of relating the
history of the Spanish-American War for kids, schools and homework projects.

Spanish-American War Facts and Timeline for kids

 
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 1:1868Spanish victory over Cuba in the Ten Years War (1868–1878)
 
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 2:April 10, 1892The Cuban Revolutionary Party, led by José Martí, was officially proclaimed
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 3:1894The Cuban War of Independence (1894-1898) begins
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 4:12 June, 1895President Cleveland issues a proclamation of neutrality during the Cuban rebellion
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 5:1896Spanish General Valeriano Weyler (the "Butcher") arrives in Cuba and establishes the 'reconcentrado' policy (concentration camp system)
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 6:1896The rural population in Cuba was forcibly confined to towns. Thousands of Cubans died from disease and starvation
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 7:26 Aug, 1896Grito de Balintawak begins the Philippine Revolution
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 8:1897General Weyler had relocated more than 300,000 into the "reconcentration camps" Weyler resigned his post in late 1897 and returned to Spain.
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 9:19 Jan, 1897Anti-Spanish sentiment in the United States is fuelled in the U.S. by Joseph Pulitzer's New York World newspaper and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 10:March, 1897Theodore Roosevelt was appointed assistant U.S. Secretary of the Navy.
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 11:1 Nov, 1897The revolutionary constitution in the Philippines created the Biak-na-Bato Republic. Spain makes concessions ending the revolution.
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 12:1 Jan, 1898Spain grants limited autonomy to Cuba
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 13:January, 1898USS Maine sent to Cuba
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 14:Feb 8, 1898Enrique Dupuy de Lome, Spain's ambassador to the U.S., resigns
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 15:Feb 9, 1898William Randolph Hearst publishes Dupuy du Lome's letter insulting President McKinley.
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 16:15 Feb, 1898U.S.S. Maine explodes and is sunk in Havana Harbor, Cuba
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 17:19 March, 1898The U.S.S. Oregon warship leaves the port of San Francisco to Cuba.
  • The U.S.S. Oregon was one of the most renowned ships of the American Navy
  • The battleship is famous for the run from San Francisco around Cape Horn to take part in the Battle of Santiago during which Cervera's fleet was destroyed

The Oregon US Battleship

U.S.S. Oregon

   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 18:Feb 25, 1898Theodore Roosevelt cables Commodore Dewey with a plan to attack the Philippines, if war with Spain breaks out
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 19:4 April, 1898Hearst's New York Journal issues a million newspapers calling for the immediate U.S. entry into war with Spain.
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 20:20 April, 1898President McKinley issues an ultimatum to Spain demanding Cuban independence
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 21:April 20, 1898The Teller Amendment is passed which placed a condition on the United States military's presence in Cuba whereby the U.S. could not annex Cuba but only leave the "control of the island to its people."
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 22:23 April, 1898President McKinley calls for 125,000 volunteers
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 23:April 24, 1898Spain declares war on the US
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 24:April 25, 1898US declares war on Spain
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 25:May 1, 1898Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines. U.S. Commodore George Dewey in defeats the Spanish fleet, under Admiral Patricio Montojo y Pasarón
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 26:May 10, 1898Secretary of the Navy, John D. Long, issues orders to Captain Henry Glass, commander of the cruiser U.S.S. Charleston to capture Guam on the way to Manila.
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 27:11 May, 1898Charles H. Allen succeeds Theodore Roosevelt as assistant secretary of the navy
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 28:May 25, 1898First U.S. troops were sent to the Philippine Islands
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 29:May 29, 1898The Rough Riders, the nickname of the 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry, sailed from Tampa, Florida bound for Santiago de Cuba. The Rough Riders were under the command of Colonel Leonard Wood and the former assistant secretary of the United States Navy, Theodore Roosevelt was second in command
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 30:10 June, 1898U.S. Marines, under Admiral William Thompson Sampson land at Guantanamo, Cuba.
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 31:20 June, 1898Spanish authorities surrender Guam to Captain Henry Glass on the U.S.S. Charleston
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 32:June 24, 1898US victory for the Rough Riders at the Battle of Las Guasimas in Cuba
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 33:July 1, 1898The Battle of San Juan Hill, the most famous battle of the War. The Rough Riders were led to victory under the command of Theodore Roosevelt
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 34:July 3, 1898Battle of Santiago in which Spain's Caribbean fleet was destroyed.
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 35:July 7, 1898The Annexation of  Hawaii
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 36:July 17, 1898Spanish forces under General Toral capitulated to U.S. forces at Santiago de Cuba. The City of Santiago surrendered to General William Shafter. U.S. General Leonard Wood was named military governor of Santiago de Cuba.

Surrender at Santiago

   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 37:July 30, 1898General Shafter instructed to return troops immediately to the United States to prevent an outbreak of yellow fever.
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 38:Aug 12, 1898Spain signs armistice (truce, peace agreement) that ended all hostilities between Spain and the United States in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 39:Aug 13, 1898US troops capture Manila. General Wesley Merritt established a military government in the city
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 40:Dec 10, 1898The Treaty of Paris is signed and the United States annexes Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines. Spain renounces all rights to Cuba and allows an independent Cuba. Spain also ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, gave up its possessions in the West Indies, and sold the Philippine Islands for $20,000,000.
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 411 Jan, 1899Spanish forces left Cuba
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 42:Jan 23, 1899The Philippines declares itself an independent republic, led by Emilio Aguinaldo. Emilio Auginaldo was captured in March 1901
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 43:April 12, 1900The Foraker Act was passed in which some elements of self-government was allowed in Puerto Rico.
   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 44:March 2, 1901

The Platt Amendment outlined the role of the U.S. in Cuba and the Caribbean. The Cuban-American Treaty leased to United States the southern portion of Guantanamo Bay, where a U.S. Naval Station had been established in 1898

   
Spanish-American War Timeline Fact 45:1902US withdraws from Cuba
   

Spanish-American War Facts and Timeline for kids

Spanish-American War for kids - President William McKinley Video
The article on the Spanish-American conflict provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following William McKinley video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 25th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1897 to September 14, 1901.

 

 

 

Spanish-American War
 
Interesting Facts about Spanish-American War for kids and schools
Summary of the Spanish-American War in US history
Summary of the Spanish-American War
William McKinley from March 4, 1897 to September 14, 1901
Fast, fun facts about the Spanish-American War
Foreign & Domestic policies of President William McKinley
William McKinley Presidency and Spanish-American War for schools, homework, kids and children

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