Plessy vs. Ferguson case

 

Grover Cleveland

Definition and Summary of the Plessy vs. Ferguson case
Summary and Definition: The 1896 Plessy vs. Ferguson case was extremely important. It was a legal case
in which the  Supreme Court decided that "separate but equal" facilities satisfied the guarantees of 14th Amendment, thus giving legal sanction to "Jim Crow" segregation laws. The namesakes of the Plessy v. Ferguson case were the plaintiff Homer Adolph Plessy (1862 1925) and the defendant Judge John H. Ferguson (1838 - 1915) of the Criminal Court for New Orleans. In 1954, the Supreme Court justices in Brown v. the Board of Education reversed the decision made in the Plessy case by making the decision that legally sanctioned racial segregation was inherently unequal and a violation of the 14th Amendment.

Plessy vs. Ferguson case for kids
Grover Cleveland was the 22nd and 24th American President who served in office from March 4, 1885 to March 4, 1889 and from March 4, 1893 - March 4,1897. One of the important legal events during this era was the Plessy vs. Ferguson case.

Facts about the Plessy vs. Ferguson case for kids: Facts Sheet for Kids
Interesting facts about the Plessy vs. Ferguson case are detailed below. The history of the Plessy vs. Ferguson case is told in a fast, fun sequence consisting of a series of interesting, short facts providing a simple method of relating the
history of the Plessy vs. Ferguson case, and its significance to racial segregation, for kids, schools and homework projects.

1896 Plessy vs. Ferguson Case: Facts Sheet for Kids

 
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 1:In 1890 the Louisiana State Legislature passed the Separate Car Act, a law that required "equal, but separate" train car accommodations for Black and White people.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 2:The Separate Car Act was one of the 'Jim Crow Laws' enacted by Southern states, beginning in the 1880s, that legalized segregation between Black Americans and White Americans
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 6:The 'Jim Crow Laws' had replaced the infamous Black Codes, which had restricted the civil rights and civil liberties of freed slaves with no pretense of equality during the Reconstruction Era.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 3:The phrase "Separate but equal" was a legal doctrine in U. S. constitutional law that justified and permitted racial segregation.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 4:The 14th Amendment to the Constitution asserted that there were equal protection rights of all US citizens, including those that were part of a minority group
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 5:Although the Constitutional doctrine required equality, the facilities offered to African-Americans were almost always of lower quality than those offered to white Americans
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 7:In 1891 a group of activists in New Orleans established a black civil rights organization called the 'Citizens Committee' to test whether the Separate Car Law  with its "Separate but equal" statement was constitutional.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 8:A 30-year-old shoemaker and activist called Homer Adolf Plessy agreed to test the law.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 9:Who was Homer Adolf Plessy? Homer Plessy (1862 1925) was a a light-skinned 'Creole of Color', a term used to refer to black people in New Orleans of French, Spanish, and Caribbean descent. He described himself as "seven-eighths Caucasian and one-eighth African blood" and he could easily pass a white.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 10:On June 7, 1892 Homer Plessy bought a first-class ticket to travel interstate from New Orleans to Covington on the East Louisiana Railroad.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 11:He boarded the "white carriage" and told the conductor that he was black. The conductor told him to move to the appropriate car, which he refused to do. He stated that he was an American citizen, had paid for a first-class ticket, and that he intended to ride in the first-class car. The conductor stopped the train and alerted the police.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 12:Detective Christopher Cain boarded the train and arrested Homer who was forced off the train and taken to jail
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 13:The next day, June 8, 1892, he appeared in criminal court before Judge John Howard Ferguson (1838 - 1915) to answer charges of violating the Separate Car Act.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 14:Judge John Howard Ferguson ruled that Louisiana was free to regulate such actions and that Homer Plessy was guilty as charged
  
 

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1896 Plessy vs. Ferguson Case: Facts Sheet for Kids

 

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Facts about the Plessy vs. Ferguson case: Facts Sheet for Kids
Interesting facts about the Plessy vs. Ferguson case and the issues of racial discrimination and Black Segregation are detailed below. The history of the Plessy vs. Ferguson case is told in a fast, fun sequence consisting of a series of interesting, brief facts providing a simple method of relating the
history of the Plessy vs. Ferguson case, and its significance to racial discrimination and segregation, for kids, schools and homework projects.

1896 Plessy vs. Ferguson Case: Facts Sheet for Kids

 
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 15:Homer Plessy contended that the Separate Car Act law violated the 13th Amendment (abolishing slavery) and 14th Amendment (equal protection of the laws) and petitioned a writ of prohibition to the Louisiana state Supreme Court against Judge Ferguson.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 16:The Plessy vs. Ferguson case was upheld by the Louisiana state Supreme Court and an appeal was made to the U.S. Supreme Court.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 17:The Supreme Court ruling that followed on May 18, 1896, bore the names of Plessy and Ferguson (Plessy v. Ferguson)
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 18:The Supreme Court decision upheld the Separate Car Act, holding that the law violated neither the 13th Amendment because it did not re-impose slavery, nor the 14th Amendment, because it dealt with political and not social equality
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 19:Justice Henry Billings Brown (1836 - 1913), an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1891 - 1906, expressed his opinion of the case stating that "separate but equal" laws did not imply the inferiority of one race to another.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 20:Justice John Marshall Harlan (1833 - 1911) was the lone dissenter in the case, advocating for equality among those of different races and for a color-blind Constitution.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 21:After the Supreme Court decision, Homer Plessy reported to the court of Judge Ferguson to answer the charge of violating the Separate Car Act. He changed his plea to guilty and paid the $25 fine.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 22:The impact of the Supreme Court decision was highly significant as it provided the constitutional sanction for the adoption throughout the South of a comprehensive series of Jim Crow laws and policies fought by the Niagara Movement and the NAACP.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 23:Private organizations and businesses, such as hotels, theaters, and railroads, were free to practice Racial Segregation.
  
Plessy vs. Ferguson case Fact 24:

In 1954, the Supreme Court justices, in Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas case reversed the decision made in the Plessy vs. Ferguson case in that the decision that legally sanctioned racial segregation was inherently unequal and a violation of the 14th Amendment.

  

1896 Plessy vs. Ferguson Case: Facts Sheet for Kids

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Black History for kids: Important People and Events
For visitors interested in African American History refer to Black History - People and Events. A useful resource  for teachers, kids, schools and colleges undertaking projects for the Black History Month.

Plessy vs. Ferguson case for kids - President Grover Cleveland Video
The article on the Plessy vs. Ferguson case provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office - for additional facts refer to the Segregation History Timeline and the NAACP. The following Grover Cleveland video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 22nd and 24th President of the United States whose presidencies spanned from March 4, 1885 to March 4, 1889 and from March 4, 1893 - March 4,1897.

 

 

 

Plessy vs. Ferguson case
 
Interesting Facts about Plessy vs. Ferguson case for kids and schools
Summary of the Plessy vs. Ferguson case in US history
The Plessy vs. Ferguson case, a major event in US history
Racial Segregation and the Plessy vs. Ferguson case
Fast, facts on Plessy vs. Ferguson case
History, facts and information on this infamous 'Jim Crow Law'
The Supreme Court decision on the Plessy vs. Ferguson case for schools, homework, kids and children

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