Mexican Migration History: US-Mexico Border Map
The US-Mexico Map provides the location and size of the border line between Mexico and the United States. The border between Mexico and the United States spans six Mexican states and four U.S. states. The Labor Appropriation Act of 1924 established the Border Patrol and Stations to combat illegal immigration and smuggling.
Mexican Migration History for kids: Brief Facts for kids via the Fact Sheet
Interesting description and brief facts about Mexican Migration History are detailed in the following Fact Sheet. The Mexican Migration History is presented in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the interesting history and information about Migration from Mexico to the United States.
Mexican Migration History for Kids
Mexican Migration Fact 1: The 1819 Adams Onis Treaty set out a boundary between the United States and Mexico and gave Florida to the U.S.
Mexican Migration Fact 2: Mexico won their independence from Spain in 1821 and founded the Mexican Republic. Mexico allowed Americans to settle in Texas and gave freedom to travel and trade with Mexico opening the Santa Fe Trail
Mexican Migration Fact 3: The Mexican-American War (1846-1848) aka the Invasion of Mexico, erupted over unresolved border disputes.
Mexican Migration Fact 4: On February 2, 1848 Mexico was forced to sell Alta California and New Mexico to the US for $15 million under the terms of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and recognized the Rio Grande as America’s southern boundary
Mexican Migration Fact 5: The California Gold Rush started with the discovery of gold at Sutter's Lumber Mill in Coloma, California on January 24, 1848. The discovery of gold in California was therefore made before Mexico formally ceded territories to the United States, including California, under the terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Mexican Migration Fact 6: During the California Gold Rush, over 25,000 Mexicans arrived in California. Americans resent their presence and Mexicans are subjected to violent assaults
Mexican Migration Fact 7: In 1910 the Mexican Revolution begins, led by Pancho Villa and Zapata
Mexican Migration Fact 8: World War 1 (1914 - 1918) breaks out creating a labor shortage in the U.S. during which time Mexicans were encouraged to work in the USA - Refer to American Entry into WW1. Germany attempt to draw Mexico into warfare with the Zimmermann Telegram.
Mexican Migration Fact 9: United States Congress Authorized "Mounted Inspectors" along the US-Mexico Border in 1915.
Mexican Migration Fact 10: Mexican immigration to America continued to grow until 1929 when the Great Depression reversed the flow of immigration from Mexico during which time many Mexicans were deported.
Mexican Migration Fact 11: According to the U.S. census between 1910 and 1930, the number of immigrants from Mexico tripled from 200,000 to 600,000
Mexican Migration Fact 12: The Immigration Act of 1924 restricted the number of immigrants from a given country but exempted people from the Western Hemisphere from the quota system.
Mexican Migration Fact 13: The Labor Appropriation Act of 1924 established the Border Patrol and Border Stations to combat smuggling and illegal immigration. Refer to US-Mexican Border
Mexican Migration Fact 14: WW2 (1939-1945) created another labor shortage in the United States as many of Americans were drafted into the military. The Bracero Program (1943 - 1965) encouraged Mexicans to work in America, increasing Mexican immigration
Mexican Migration Fact 15: The Bracero Program (1943 - 1965) brought five million temporary Mexican Laborers to Work in US farms and railroads in a 22-Year period to help the US economy during, and after, WW2. Racial tensions flared during WW2 and led to the Zoot Suit Riots.
Mexican Migration Fact 16: In 1949 the Border Patrol seized nearly 280,000 illegal Mexican immigrants.
Mexican Migration Fact 17: The Korean War (1950-1953) saw a revival of the Bracero Program (1943 - 1965)
Mexican Migration Fact 18: By 1953, the number of illegal Mexican immigrants seized by the Border Patrol had grown to more than 865,000 which led to Operation Wetback.
Mexican Migration Fact 19: Operation Wetback was a system of cooperation between the U.S. Border Patrol and the Mexican government to control illegal immigration
Mexican Migration Fact 20: Operation Wetback during which the U.S. Immigration Service deported more than 3.8 million people of Mexican descent
Mexican Migration Fact 21: The first maquiladora factories were established under the Border Industrialization Program in 1964.
Mexican Migration Fact 22: The Bracero program was repealed in 1965
Mexican Migration Fact 23: The 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act granted Legal Status to qualifying Immigrants who entered the US illegally before January 1, 1982
Mexican Migration Fact 24: The 2006 Secure Fence Act authorized fencing along the US-Mexican Border and authorized the use of surveillance technology
Mexican Migration Facts for Kids
Mexican Migration for kids - Push and Pull Factors
There are many reasons why Mexicans are pushed towards leaving their home in Mexico and pulled towards are better life in the United States of America. These are referred to as the Push and Pull Factors of Mexican Migration which make it easy to identify the causes why people want to emigrate - refer to Mexican Push and Pull Factors. The main headings of the Push and Pull factors of Mexican Migration are:
Push and Pull Factors of Mexican Migration
Social Push and Pull factors: In Mexico people might want to move because their are better education and health facilities in America or because their relatives already live in America
Environmental Push and Pull factors: The climate and geography in Mexico produce natural disasters such as tsunamis, volcanoes and earthquakes which can be so frightening that Mexicans are desperate to move to a safer environment
Economic Push and Pull factors: Mexico is a relatively poor country with low paid jobs, there are much better employment prospects in the United States
Political Push and Pull factors: Political Push factors include the bloody conflict of wars and revolutions, such as the 1910 Mexican Revolution, during which times Mexicans fled from the political upheaval and violence and fled to the safety of the United States. The political situation is currently stable in Mexico, but corruption is rife involving the bribery of officials to obtain construction permits, and the corruption of police and the judiciary
Push and Pull Factors for kids
For visitors interested in the subject of immigration refer to our website on Push and Pull Factors of Immigration which provides details of why people left their homes in Mexico and many other countries and moved to the United States.
Mexican Migration Facts for kids: American History for Kids - Video of US Presidents
The article on Mexican Migration facts provides useful information about this important subject. The following video will give you additional interesting facts, history and dates about the personal and political lives of all the US Presidents.
Mexican Migration Facts
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