Impeachment of Andrew Johnson

Definition of Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
Definition: The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson commenced on Monday, February 24, 1868, when the House of Representatives of the Congress of the United States resolved to impeach Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, of high crimes and misdemeanors. President Andrew Johnson had to answer 12 articles of Impeachment and was acquitted in the Senate by one vote less than the two-thirds necessary to remove him and was allowed to continue his term of office.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson was the 17th American President who served in office from April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869. One of the important events during his presidency was his Impeachment trial.

   
  

The Impeachment Trial of Andrew Johnson
 

The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
The picture on your right shows the Impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson. He was accused of "high crimes and misdemeanors". Impeachments trials are held in the Senate with the Chief Justice of the Unites States Supreme Court presiding.  An Impeachment trial is conducted in the same way as a court with witnesses and cross-examinations.

Why was Andrew Johnson impeached?
The reason that Andrew Johnson was impeached was for his removal of Edwin Stanton, the Secretary of War and member of his cabinet, in violation of the law called the Tenure of Office Act.

Facts about the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
This article contains interesting, fun facts about the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson and the events that led to his impeachment trial.

30 Facts about the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Fact sheet and Timeline for kids
Interesting Facts about the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson for kids are detailed below. The history is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of interesting, short facts providing a simple method of relating the
history and events leading to the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson for kids, schools and homework projects.

30 Facts about the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson for kids

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 1: President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in April 1865 and Vice President Andrew Johnson assumed the role of President of the United States at the end of the Civil War, as the Reconstruction of the South was just beginning

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 2: Andrew Johnson was a Southern Democrat and, as such, had sympathies with the Confederacy and granted pardons to ex-Confederates on a large scale. He was inexperienced, a stubborn man with little patience. The government consisted of many radical Republicans and before long the President and Congress were in conflict due to Reconstruction Policies.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 3: The radical Republicans believed that the President was behaving too leniently towards the Southern states who were attempting to restore self-rule and passing state laws referred to as the Black Codes. At the end of 1865, just six months after the end of the Civil War Andrew Johnson declared the end of Reconstruction.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 4: The radical Republicans were outraged and were determined to establish a Congressional Reconstruction. The Southern Democrat President and the radical Republicans were in direct conflict and on a collision course that would end with the Impeachment of the President.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 5: The President further infuriated Congress by vetoing an extension to the Freedmen's Bureau

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 6: Republicans passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 overriding the President's veto.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 7: The radicals become more powerful by gaining a two-thirds margin in the 1866 Congressional elections

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 8: Congress develop plans for the reunification of the South which will be referred to as Congressional Reconstruction

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 9: Congress passed the first of the Reconstruction Acts, overriding the President's veto, which gave them military and political control of the Southern states.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 10: The President replaces several generals who command the 5 military districts established by the Reconstruction Acts

Continued...

30 Facts about the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson for kids

30 Facts about the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Fact sheet and Timeline for kids
Interesting Facts for kids are continued below. The history of the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of interesting, short facts providing a simple method of relating the
history of this important event in American for kids, schools and homework projects.

30 Facts about the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson for kids

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 11: Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act on March 2, 1867, overriding the President's veto, to limit the President's powers and prevent him dismissing radical Republicans from office.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 12: The Tenure of Office Act was also passed to stop the President interfering with the Congressional plans for Reconstruction

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 13: The Tenure of Office Act forbids the President to remove any federal office-holder appointed by at the Senate without the further approval of the Senate

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 14: The Tenure of Office Act also provides that the President's cabinet should hold office for the full term of the President plus one month, subject to removal by the Senate

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 15: The President is furious regarding the Tenure of Office Act claiming it is unconstitutional

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 16: The President continues to oppose congressional policy, and insists on the removal of the radical Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton, in defiance of the Tenure of Office Act .

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 17: Edwin Stanton, as Secretary of War, was an important member of the cabinet and a firm supporter of the radical Republicans

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 18: Edwin Stanton was in open opposition to the policies of the President

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 19: Edwin Stanton refused to move and barricaded himself in his office claiming that the Tenure of Office Act protected him.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 20: Congress supported Edwin Stanton's claims asserting that by suspending Edwin Stanton and removing him from his cabinet without the consent of Congress, the President Johnson had breached the Tenure of Office Act.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 21: Congress started Impeachment Proceedings against the President

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 22: Impeachment is a criminal proceeding against a public official requiring formal documentation and Articles of impeachment

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 23: It is the right of the House of Representatives to impeach. It is the right of the Senate to try and determine impeachments.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 24: Constitution: The Constitution of the United States refers to the process of Impeachment in Article II, Section 4 of the Constitution.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 25: On Monday, February 24, 1868, the House of Representatives resolved to impeach Andrew Johnson of high crimes and misdemeanors

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 26: On Monday the March 2, 1868, eleven articles of impeachment were agreed by the House of Representatives.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 27: On March 2, 1868 the Articles of Impeachment were presented to the Senate and the grand inquest of the nation is set to begin

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 28: March 30, 1868: The impeachment trial of Johnson begins in the Senate

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 29: May 16, 1868: The Senate voted on the 11th Article of Impeachment and is one vote short of the 2/3 majority needed to impeach the President

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Fact 30: May 26, 1868: The final vote was taken in the Senate on the second and third Articles of Impeachment and Johnson was again acquitted. The Impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson is over.

30 Facts about the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson for kids

Bill Clinton Impeachment
For visitors interested in the history of impeached presidents refer to the Impeachment of Bill Clinton.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson for kids - President Andrew Johnson Video
This article provides an overview of one of the Important issues of his presidential term in office. The following video will give you additional important facts, history and dates about the political events experienced by the 17th American President whose presidency spanned from April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869.

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson

● Interesting Facts about Tenure of Office Act for kids
● Key events leading to the Impeaching of the president for kids
● TheImportant event in US history
● Presidency from April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869
● Fast, fun facts about the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
● Domestic policies and the struggle against Congress
● Facts about the events and the trial for schools, homework, kids and children

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