The Garfield Assassination

James Garfield

Definition and Summary of the Garfield Assassination
Summary and Definition:
President James Garfield was shot by Charles Julius Guiteau at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station on July 2, 1881. President Garfield died on September 19, 1881, 11 weeks after being shot, following poor medical care. His presidency only lasted for 100 days.

Garfield Assassination
James Garfield was the 20th American President who served in office from March 4, 1881 to September 19, 1881. This article provides facts about the Garfield Assassination and of his murderer,
Charles Julius Guiteau.

   
  

The Garfield Assassination Facts for kids
The assassination of President James Garfield by Charles J. Guiteau shocked the nation. Interesting facts about the Garfield Assassination are detailed below. The history of Garfield Assassination is told in a factual sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the history and events of the Garfield Assassination.

Garfield Assassination Fact Sheet:  Facts for kids

Garfield Assassination Fact 1: James Garfield (1831 - 1881) was the second of four Presidents of the United States who have been assassinated. The names of the other assassinated presidents were Abraham Lincoln (1809 - 1865), William McKinley (1843 - 1901) and John F. Kennedy (1917 - 1963)

Garfield Assassination Fact 2: When was he shot? The President was shot on July 2, 1881

Garfield Assassination Fact 3: When did the President die? The President was a strong and determined man who fought hard for his life but he died on September 19, 1881, eleven weeks after being shot

Garfield Assassination Fact 4: Where did the assassination take place? The President was shot at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station

Garfield Assassination Fact 5: What was the name of the assassin? Charles Julius Guiteau (September 8, 1841 June 30, 1882)

Garfield Assassination Fact 6: Who was Charles J. Guiteau? Charles J. Guiteau was a lawyer and a preacher and had been a supporter of James Garfield.

Garfield Assassination Fact 7: Charles J. Guiteau had been a keen supporter during the Presidential campaign. He had written two speeches which the future president had used during his campaign.

Garfield Assassination Fact 8: Following the election of the president, Charles J. Guiteau insisted that the President should make him ambassador to France. This type of request was not unusual as the infamous Spoils System was in place, a patronage system which allowed the president to appoint party to friends to government offices.

Garfield Assassination Fact 9: The president refused the demands of Charles J. Guiteau who had a grossly inflated ego and a history of mental problems, possibly schizophrenia.

Garfield Assassination Fact 10: Charles J. Guiteau was furious and his bitter reaction led to thoughts of revenge. The twisted and unstable mind of Guiteau rationalized the chain of events as an act of God and believed that the murder of the president was a "Divine command".

Continued...

Garfield Assassination Facts for kids

Garfield Assassination for kids
The info about the Garfield Assassination provides interesting facts and important information about this important event that occured during the presidency of the 20th President of the United States of America.

Garfield Assassination Facts for kids
Interesting history and the Garfield Assassination Facts for kids are continued below.

Garfield Assassination Facts for kids

Garfield Assassination Fact 11: Guiteau started making his plans to kill the president. He first needed to purchase a gun - he was not used to guns and knew that he would have to undertake some firearm practice.

Garfield Assassination Fact 12: He borrowed $15 to buy the gun. He had a choice between a .44 Webley British Bulldog revolver with a wooden handle or a similar gun but with a silver handle.

Garfield Assassination Fact 13: He was obsessed with becoming famous and chose the gun with the silver inlay because he wanted it to look good in a museum after the event. (During his trial, he said that it was worth the extra dollar).

Garfield Assassination Fact 14: He stalked the president and discovered his travel plans for taking a vacation to Massachusetts by rail from the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station on July 2, 1881.

Garfield Assassination Fact 15: Charles J. Guiteau lay in wait and the president accompanied by Secretary of State James G. Blaine arrived at the train station and were making there way through the crowds as the assassin approached them from behind.

Garfield Assassination Fact 16: Charles J. Guiteau raised his gun and fired - the first shot grazed and stunned the President. Guiteau then fired a second shot that lodged deep into his back.

Garfield Assassination Fact 17: Charles J. Guiteau was immediately arrested and taken to jail. The injured president was taken a room upstairs above the depot attended by Dr. Willard Bliss, Surgeon General of the Army and was later transported to the White House.

Garfield Assassination Fact 18: The President did not die until 11 weeks after being shot. Inept doctors probed his wound with unwashed, dirty fingers whilst trying to locate the bullet. The bullet was never found. (The first X-ray machine was not invented until November 8, 1895 by Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen). The president's entire body was riddled with infection (septic poisoning) and he was in agony.

Garfield Assassination Fact 19: The young inventor, Alexander Graham Bell, devised a metal detector to find the bullet, but the device's signal was distorted by the metal bed springs. 

Garfield Assassination Fact 20: The bullet was never found and eventually his death was due to blood poisoning. He died on September 19, 1881 at 10:30 p.m.

Garfield Assassination Fact 21: Charles J. Guiteau was sent to trial and was found guilty of murder on January 23, 1882. He was sentenced to death by hanging on June 30, 1882.

Garfield Assassination Facts for kids

Garfield Assassination for kids - President James Garfield Video
The article on the Garfield Assassination provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following James Garfield video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 20th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1881 to September 19, 1881.

Garfield Assassination

● Interesting Facts about the Assassination for kids and schools
● Facts about the murder of the president
● Summary of the Garfield Assassination
● Presidency from March 4, 1881 to September 19, 1881
● Fast, fun, interesting facts about the Garfield Assassination
● Facts about Charles J. Guiteau
● The Garfield Assassination for schools, homework projects, kids and children

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