California Gold Rush

James Knox Polk

Summary and Definition of California Gold Rush
Definition and Summary: The California Gold Rush (18481855) started on January 24, 1848 and attracted 300,000 prospectors when gold was discovered by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Lumber Mill in Coloma, California. The prospectors and gold seekers were called "forty-niners" or the "49ers" as the majority of them reached the location of the goldfields in 1849 in search of instant wealth and riches beyond their wildest dreams. In one year alone (1852) the take was $80 million, equivalent to nearly $2 billion in modern dollar currency.

California Gold Rush for kids
James Polk was the 11th American President who served in office from March 4, 1845 to March 4, 1849. One of the important events during his presidency was the California Gold Rush.

   
  

California Gold Rush Map

California Gold Rush Map

 

The California Gold Rush History for kids
The California Gold Rush started with the discovery of gold by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Lumber Mill in Coloma, California on January 24, 1848. The discovery of gold in California was therefore made before
Mexico formally ceded territories to the United States, including California, under the terms of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo that ended the Mexican-American War (April 25, 1846 - February 2, 1848).

The California Gold Rush Map
The California Gold Rush
Map shows the location of Coloma, where the discovery of Californian gold was first made at Sutter's Mill.

● Sutter's Mill: Along the American River
● Mormon Island: With news of the discovery some Mormons,  who were also working for John Sutter , made their own discovery of gold just a few miles west along the American River and was called Mormon Island
● Bidwell's Bar: Yet another worker made another gold strike further north along the Sacramento River, shown on the map as Bidwell's Bar.
● Weber's Creek: East along the American River came the discovery of gold at Weber's Creek.
● Rich Bar: The discovery in Northern California Goldfields called Rich Bar is the furthest north strike as shown on the map.

California Gold Rush for kids
The info about the California Gold Rush provides interesting facts and important information about this important event that occured during the presidency of the 11th President of the United States of America - read on for facts on the history timeline.

California Gold Rush Timeline, History and Facts for kids
Interesting California Gold Rush Timeline, History and facts for kids are detailed below. The history of California Gold Rush is told in a factual sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the experiences of the prospectors along the California Gold Rush.

California Gold Rush History Timeline Facts for kids

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 1: Jan 24, 1848: Gold is discovered by James Marshall at Sutter's timber Mill. John Sutter visits the site and request the news is kept secret for six weeks

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 2: Feb 2, 1848: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 3: Mar 15, 1848: News of the strike in Sierra Nevada "in considerable quantities" is reported in a San Francisco newspaper in the west of the country, but many people remain skeptical about the report

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 4: Mar 15, 1848: The first prospectors in the west start making plans to go to Coloma

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 5: Apr 1, 1848: News of the discovery spreads to the East

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 6: May 12, 1848: Gold fever hits San Francisco sparked by Sam Brannan. The sale of picks, pans, and shovels in Sam Brannan's store booms and nearly all of the male population of San Francisco leave the city in a rush to the goldfields as the first Chinese immigrants arrive in San Francisco

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 7: Aug 19, 1848: The New York Herald is the first eastern newspaper to report the gold strike

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 8: Dec 5, 1848: President James K. Polk makes an address to Congress in which he confirms the gold strike in California.

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 9: Dec 5, 1848: The legitimate confirmation by President Polk leads to the 1849 California Gold Rush

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 10: Apr 1849: Nearly 30,000 men from the east congregate in Independence, Missouri to travel in wagon trains over land to California

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 11: Jun 1849: Some gold-seekers travel by sea, around Cape Horn to reach the goldfields

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 12: 1849 - The Forty-Niners: Over 90,000 gold-seekers flock to the Californian goldfields in 1849 and become known as the "Forty-Niners". In early August the news of the goldmines reaches Oregon and migrants begin moving south

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 13: Sep 1, 1849: Californian delegate assemble in Monterey to draft a state constitution, requesting admittance to the Union.

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 14: Apr 9, 1850: Many foreign nationals, including Mexicans, Chinese and Native Indians, are forced to leave the area due to the tax and threats of violence and intimidation from the white prospectors

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 15: Apr 1850: California legislature passes the Foreign Miners Tax, charging foreign nationals $20 a month for the right to work their claims

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 16: Sep 9, 1850: Congress agrees to the Compromise of 1850, which admits California to the Union as a free state

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 17: March 14 1851: The Foreign Miners Tax is repealed.

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 18: May 1852: The California legislature passes a second Foreign Miners Tax targeting the Chinese

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 19: Mar 1853: Edward Matteson invents the hydraulic mining technique

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 20: 1854: The California Supreme Court limits the rights of racial minorities. The ruling by the supreme court results in only testimony of a white citizen can be used as evidence in court. The number of racial attacks increase, with little recourse for the victims, and many leave the goldfields

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 21: July 15, 1854: A dispute over a gambling table escalates into the Weaverville War

California Gold Rush Timeline Fact 22: The gold rush and gold fever finally eased in 1855, when the gold output stabilized but by this time many Americans had settled in California. Communications systems to the east were vital and the Pony Express was established until the Transcontinental Telegraph was completed

California Gold Rush History Timeline Facts for kids

California Gold Rush for kids - Levi Strauss
Levi Strauss opened a branch of Levi Strauss & Co. in San Francisco and sold canvas for tents to the gold prospectors. He later went on to produce the famous Levi blue jeans.

California Gold Rush for kids - President James K Polk Video
The article on the California Gold Rush provides an overview of one of the Important issues of his presidential term in office. The following James K Polk video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 11th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1845 to March 4, 1849.

California Gold Rush

● Facts and California Gold Rush timeline for kids and schools
● Definition and Summary of the California Gold Rush in US history
● Facts about the California Gold Rush
● James K Polk Presidency from March 4, 1845 to March 4, 1849
● Fast, fun, California Gold Rush about Important events in his presidency
● Foreign & Domestic policies of President James K Polk
● James K Polk Presidency and the California Gold Rush for schools, homework, kids and children

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