The Alamo

 

President Andrew Jackson

Definition of the Alamo
Definition: The Battle of the Alamo was a 13 day siege at a mission in San Antonio that was fought between February 23, 1836 – March 6, 1836 by Mexican forces of about 4000, under President General Santa Anna, against a handful of 180 American rebels fighting for Texan independence from Mexico. The battle was won by the Mexicans but the 13 days gave General Sam Houston time to build and develop his Texan Army at San Jacinto who were motivated by the courage shown, against all odds, by their fellow Texans.

Battle of the Alamo for kids
Andrew Jackson was the 7th American President who served in office from March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1837. One of the important events during his presidency was the Battle of the Alamo.

Battle of the Alamo History for kids: Where is the Alamo?
We have all heard about the Battle of the Alamo, but where is the Alamo? The Alamo is located on the banks of the San Antonio River in San Antonio, Texas, USA (Modern address: 300 Alamo Plaza, San Antonio, TX 78205)

Battle of the Alamo History for kids: What was the Alamo?
The Alamo was originally a former Roman Catholic Franciscan mission and fortress built in 1718, called the Mission San Antonio de Valero. In the early 1800s Spanish troops were stationed in the abandoned chapel of the former mission. The garrison stood in a grove of cottonwood trees  and the Spanish soldiers gave it the name "El Alamo" (the Spanish word for cottonwood) and to remind them of Alamo de Parras, their hometown in Mexico.

Battle of the Alamo

The Alamo

When was the Battle of the Alamo? Who won the Battle of the Alamo?
The
Texas Revolution began with the battle of Gonzales in October 1835. The Battle of the Alamo was a 13 day siege fought from February 23 1836 and March 6, 1836 between a handful of 180 American rebels, fighting for Texan independence from Mexico,  who were in the Alamo against Mexican forces of about 4000, under President General Santa Anna. The Battle of the Alamo was won by the Mexican Army.

Why was the Battle of the Alamo significant?
The 13 day siege at the Alamo gave General Sam Houston time to build and develop his Army at San Jacinto. Texans were inspired by the bravery of the rebels and the battle cry of "Remember the Alamo" spurred the small number of Texan soldiers to fight the large Mexican Army. Ultimately, the Texans defeated Santa Anna's Army and Texas won it's independence from Mexico, becoming the Republic of Texas on April 21, 1836.

 

Reverse of Texas State Seal

Reverse of Texas State Seal

Battle Cry of the Alamo: "Remember the Alamo!"
The Battle cry "Remember the Alamo!" was a reminder of the courage and sacrifice of the men who perished at the siege and a rallying cry to all Texans.

General Santa Anna had declared that the Mexican Army would take no prisoners. The rebel Texans knew that they had no hope of winning the siege and that death awaited all of them.

The phrase "Remember the Alamo" is so important to the history of Texas that it is still proudly displayed on the reverse of the Texas State Seal over the picture of the mission. The central images reflect important Battles in the Texas Revolution.

The famous battle cry ensures that the bravery and patriotism of the defenders in the old mission at San Antonio will never be forgotten, nor their cause for liberty and the freedom of Texas.

Survivors at the Battle of the Alamo
There were a few of people who survived the bloody siege. Civilian non-combatants such as women, children and cooks were spared including Susannah Dickinson, the wife of Captain Almaron Dickinson and her baby daughter Angelina. A handful of Texans were also spared. General Santa Anna sent these men to Sam Houston’s camp at San Jacinto as a warning that a similar fate awaited the rest of the Texans if they continued their rebellion against Mexico.

Colonel William B. Travis: "Victory or Death"
Colonel William B. Travis wrote a letter addressed "To the People of Texas and All Americans in the World" marking the envelope with the words "Victory or Death". Please take a minute to read the letter, it is regarded as one of the most heroic letters ever written.

William B. Travis Victory or Death letter

Names of the leaders at the Alamo
The names of the famous Texan leaders and Commanders at the bloody siege were as follows:

Colonel William B. TravisCommander of the regular soldiers and co-commander of the garrison
Jim BowieCommander of the Texan volunteers and co-commander of the garrison
Davy CrocketColonel and great leader
Albert MartinCaptain and courier who took the William B. Travis Victory of Death letter to the town of Gonzales
Lancelot SmitherA private who added a note to the William B. Travis Victory of Death letter
Almaron DickinsonCaptain, Artillery officer
Philip DimmittCaptain, he left the siege in an attempt to get reinforcements
William D. HowellSurgeon
George C. KimbleLieutenant, commander of the Gonzales Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers, the "Immortal 32"
Amos PollardRegimental surgeon
Juan SeguínCaptain and Commander of his own cavalry company

Battle of the Alamo for kids
The info about the Battle of the Alamo provides interesting facts and important information about this important event that occured during the presidency of the 7th President of the United States of America.

 

Presidential Seal

 

Facts about the Battle of the Alamo for kids: Facts and Timeline for kids
Interesting Battle of the Alamo Facts and Timeline for kids are detailed below. The history of the Battle of the Alamo is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of interesting, short facts providing a simple method of relating the
history of the Battle of the Alamo for kids, schools and homework projects.

Battle of the Alamo Facts and Timeline for kids

 
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 1:The Texas Revolution began in October 1835 with the Battle of Gonzales.
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 2:The siege started in February 23, 1836 and ended on March 6, 1836. 180 Americans were laid to siege by the Mexican Army consisting of 4000 soldiers led by General Santa Anna during the Battle of the Alamo
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 3:The Alamo was originally built in 1718 as Roman Catholic Franciscan mission and then used as a garrison for the Mexican army
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 4:November 1835: Sam Houston was selected as Commander-in-Chief of the Texas Army
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 5:December 21, 1835: James Clinton Neill is ordered by Sam Houston to take command of the Texan and Tejano garrison stationed at the mission in San Antonio
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 6:January 17, 1836: Jim Bowie arrives at the garrison to evaluate the situation - Sam Houston had suggested he remove the artillery and blow up the Alamo. The decision is made to defend the garrison
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 7:February 3, 1836: Colonel William B. Travis arrives at the garrison
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 8:February 8, 1836: Davy Crocket arrives at the garrison with a group of Tennessee volunteers
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 9:February 11, 1836: Neill becomes ill and leaves the garrison
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 10:February 11, 1836: Neill transfers command to William B. Travis, the highest-ranking regular army officer in the garrison
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 11:February 12, 1836 : William Travis and Jim Bowie argue over who has command of the garrison
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 12:February 14, 1836: Neill returns to settle the dispute. Bowie and Travis agree to a joint command
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 13:February 17, 1836: William B. Travis sends his first letters asking for assistance, the Texans were not expecting Santa Anna's forces until spring
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 14:February 22, 1836: Santa Anna reaches San Antonio with generals Sesma, Amador and Castrillón and the Vanguard Brigade
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 15:February 22, 1836: Santa Anna demands surrender and states that no one will be spared if this is not done. The Texans refuse to surrender
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 16:February 23, 1836: Daniel Cloud sounds the alarm as the attack begins. The fort comes under artillery fire from Mexican troops
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 17:February 24, 1836: William B. Travis writes his Victory or Death Letter to the closest town at Gonzales. He vows "I shall never surrender or retreat."
  • Other letters requesting help for the Battle of the Alamo are sent to Gonzales, Goliad, San Felipe, Nacogdoches and Washington-on-the-Brazos
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 18:February 24, 1836: Jim Bowie becomes ill and William B. Travis assumes full command
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 19:February 26, 1836: Relief forces begin to gather at Gonzales
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 20:26 Feb 1836: James Fannin attempts his relief march to the fort but is forced to turn back
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 21:March 1, 1836: 32 men of the Gonzales Ranging Company arrive at the fort in response to the Victory or Death letter
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 22:March 2, 1836: The Texas Declaration of Independence is signed and the Republic of Texas is declared although the men fighting the Battle of the Alamo are unaware of these momentous events
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 23:March 3, 1836: James B. Bonham arrives at the garrison and tells Travis that James Fannin and his troops were not coming
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 24:March 3, 1836: William Travis tells all the troops that they are free to leave - the brave men choose to stay and fight at the Battle of the Alamo
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 25:March 3, 1836: Mexican battalions Aldama, Toluca and Zapadores arrive in San Antonio
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 26:March 5, 1836: The Mexican artillery stop shelling the fort, they defenses have been weakened to such an extent that plans are made to assault the garrison
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 27:March 6, 1836: The final attack begins at dawn with hand-to-hand combat
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 28:March 6, 1836: Only a few Texans survive the bloody siege of the Battle of the Alamo. Civilian non-combatants such as women, children and cooks were spared.
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 29:March 6, 1836: Over 600 Mexicans were killed during the Battle of the Alamo and countless injured
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 30:March 6, 1836: A handful of Texans were also spared who were sent Sam Houston’s camp at San Jacinto as a warning that a similar fate awaited the rest of the Texans if they continued their rebellion against Mexico.
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 31:April 22, 1836: Following a series of battles Santa Anna is defeated and captured
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 32:May 14, 1836: The peace treaty of Velasco is signed by the Republic of Texas and General Santa Anna of Mexico.
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 33:June 15, 1836: The demoralized Mexican army, cross the Rio Grande back into Mexico
Battle of the Alamo Timeline Fact 34:December 29, 1845: Texas becomes part of the United States - refer to Texas Annexation

Battle of the Alamo Facts and Timeline for kids

Battle of the Alamo for kids - President Andrew Jackson Video
The article on the Battle of the Alamo provides an overview of one of the Important events of his presidential term in office. The following Andrew Jackson video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 7th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1837.

 

 

 

Battle of the Alamo
 
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